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tourism one mark questions

7th Standard

7th Social Science - Term 2 Tourism One Mark Questions with Answer

tourism one mark questions

7th Social Science - Term 2 Tourism One Mark Questions with Answer Question Bank Software Nov-01 , 2019

Term 2 Tourism

tourism one mark questions

Final Semester - June 2015

Term 2 Tourism One Mark Questions with Answer

The oldest type of tourism is ________.

Recreational

In which state is the Kaziranga national park located.

West Bengal

Which one of the following is not a beach of India?

Which of the following is not a bird sanctuary in India?

Nal sarovor in Gujarat

Koonthakulam in Tamil Nadu

Bharatpur in Rajasthan

Kanha in Madhya pradesh

In which district courtallam waterfalls is located?

Tirunelveli

The three main components of tourism together known as ________.

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Line Number: 1002

Gastronomy refers to an aspect of ________ tourism.

Suruli falls is also called as ________.

Cloud Land falls (or) Meghamalai falls

The second largest urban beach is _________ .

Marina Beach, Chennai

Expansion of TAAI _______ .

Travel Agents Association of India

Anamalai hills

Monkey falls

Nature’s Haven

Aguda Beach

*****************************************

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  • I’m a Hardcore Yachtie Who Loves Privacy. Should I Really Take a Cruise?

As adventure lovers head for the ends of the earth, our Travel Masters weigh in on an increasingly common quandary.

Mark ellwood, mark ellwood's most recent stories.

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Dear Robb Report : I’m conflicted about a trip we’re mulling for next winter. When I sail, I usually charter a yacht for myself and a few friends, and I assumed I’d do the same for Antarctica , which we’re planning to see in the next summer season. But my travel specialist discouraged me, and suggested I take a commercial cruise instead. I’ve never considered one, and frankly, the idea rather horrified me. Can you help? Yours, Yankee Yachtie

Don’t worry, Yankee Yachtie, we’ve got a definitive answer to your question. And you’re not alone: The rise in expedition cruising, whether to Antarctica as you’re planning, or the Arctic, or even to farther flung, harder to navigate waters in Asia, makes this question more pressing than ever.

The vessels that specialize in such journeys are a different breed from the floating entertainment palaces that chug around the Mediterranean or Caribbean with thousands on board. They are, however, larger than most charters, which in expedition conditions is a feature rather than a bug: Larger ships are much stabler in tricky conditions, and also have greater capacity for essential toys—think helicopters to whisk you off to a far-flung, wildlife-crammed spot in minutes, rather than an arduous, hours-long hike. Ponant’s icebreaking ships are rated PC2, one notch below scientific vessels, while Seabourn’s Venture is crammed with toys, including not one but two custom-built submarines.

Nick Davies of Cookson Adventures, most of whose clients are charter-first, does recommend smaller, shared boats in certain circumstances. For instance, consider the phinisi of Indonesia.

Davies also endorses shared dive boats in the Galapagos. Securing a permit for a private charter in Alaska is very tricky, too—for convenience, and speed, a cruise is a great shortcut. Look, too, at the Four Seasons-operated catamaran. It has just been reflagged and moved from the saturated island-hopping hub of the Maldives over to Palau in the south Pacific, a destination with a strong focus on diving.

“Palau is quite complicated to do otherwise, as there are no good hotels down there,” Davies adds.

Silversea Silver Origin Galapagos cruise

The other issue to consider is cost, both economic and environmental. If you’re determined to visit a certain location over particular dates, that lack of flexibility might make opting for a cruise rather than a charter much savvier.

“Moving yachts from one place to another is a bit of a waste of money and it’s very bad for the environment,” he continues, noting that his team has moved boats from Monaco to Antarctica in the past for insistent, deep-pocketed clients untroubled by eco-concerns. He has other clients determined to spend time on a yacht in Patagonia over Christmas this year, whom he’s discouraged from chartering.

“There aren’t any boats down there, but you could do it on a cruise ship,” he says.

You mention, too, that you’re traveling with friends, and larger groups should also opt for a commercial cruise.

“There’s literally a handful of yachts in the world that allow more than 12 people because of regulations around pleasure crafts that keep it to that maximum. When you need lifeboats on board, it compromises the design of a ship,” Cookson says. 

Hopefully, YY, that reassures you around your agent’s advice, and if you need more ideas on cruises to try, here are some ideas. And if you, dear reader, have a burning travel question for our experts, email Robb Report’s digital travel editor at [email protected].

British-born, NYC-based Mark Ellwood is Robb Report's editor-at-large. He has lived out of a suitcase for most of his life, covering luxury in all its forms across the world. Among his favorite…

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Previous Year Question Paper with Answer of “Introduction to Tourism – Code 406” for Class 9 NSQF Vocational, CBSE Session 2021-2022.

CBSE | Vocational Education

Introduction to Tourism – Code 406

Session 2021-2022

Sample Question Paper for Term – 2

Max. Time Allowed: 1 Hour (60 min) Max. Marks: 25

General Instructions:

  • Please read the instructions carefully
  • This Question Paper is divided into 03 sections, viz., Section A, Section B and Section C.
  • Section A is of 05 marks and has 06 questions on Employability Skills.
  • a) Questions numbers 1 to 4 are one mark questions. Attempt any three questions.
  • b) Questions numbers 5 and 6 are two marks questions. Attempt any one question.
  • Section B is of 12 marks and has 12 questions on Subject Specific Skills.
  • a) Questions numbers 7 to 12 are one mark questions. Attempt any four questions.
  • b) Questions numbers 13 to 18 are two marks questions. Attempt any four questions.
  • Section C is of 08 marks and has 03 competency-based questions.
  • a) Questions numbers 19 to 21 are four marks questions. Attempt any two questions.
  • Do as per the instructions given in the respective sections.
  • Marks allotted are mentioned against each section/question.

(3 + 2 = 5 marks)

Answer any 3 questions out of the given 4 questions. 1 x 3 = 3

Q.1 Explain the concept of Hybrid business. 1

Q.2 Define Service Business. 1

Q.3 When and in which report the term ‘Green Economy’ was coined? 1

Q.4 Who is a green consumer? 1

Answer any 1 question out of the given 2 questions. 2 x 1 = 2

Q.5 List any four characteristics of Entrepreneurship. 2

Q.6 Write any four components of Green economy. 2

(4 + 8 = 12 marks)

Answer any 04 questions out of the given 06 questions 1 x 4 = 4

Q.7 Name any two luxury trains of India. 1

Q.8 Expand LCC. 1

Q.9 Who was the first Tourism Intermediary who introduced a combined tourist services by combining railway travel and food and provided a tour experience to their guests? 1

Q.10 Write any 02 components of tourism product. 1

Q.11 Define historic site. 1

Q.12 What is Flora and Fauna? 1

Answer any 04 questions out of the given 06 questions 2 x 4 = 8

Q.13 What do you understand by Travel intermediaries? 2

Q.14 When and how Modern Tourism Business Period started? 2

Q.15 What is the role of intermediaries in tourism? 2

Q.16 Write any four steps that can be taken for protection of tourism product. 2

Q.17 Define Symbiotic tourism products with examples. 2

Q.18 List differences between natural and manmade tourism products. 2

(2 x 4 = 8 marks)

(COMPETENCY-BASED QUESTIONS)

Answer any 02 questions out of the given 03 questions

Q.19 Air, water and land are the most commonly used modes of transportation. A study says most of the people are comfortable with Railways as compared to airways and waterways. Railways have played a prominent role in the growth of tourism in the country. Describe the importance of Railways in Tourism. 4

Q.20 Rohan is fond of travelling. He travelled to several countries, places and also visited many monuments. After experiencing many tourism products, he gained a lot of experience about the Tourism products and was able to identify some common characteristics of tourism products.  List out the characteristics of Tourism product. 4

Q.21 India is incredible because of its tourism resources as well as efficient tourism products. An area may have tourism resources like favorable climate, beautiful scenery, monuments, and hospitable people. Tourism resources of a place can become useful when certain facilities or activities are added to that resource. So that the tourism resource becomes a tourism product.

If we have to convert a tourism resource like – monument in your city into a tourism product, then enlist the facilities or activities you should include to convert that resource into a tourism product. 4

Ans.1 Hybrid business is a mix of product and service business. 1

Ans.2 A business where a seller a helps the buyer to finish some work, which cannot be seen or stored for example plumbing, teaching, hair dressing, etc., are is called as service-based businesses. 1

Ans.3 The term ‘Green Economy’ was first coined in a 1989 report for the Government of the United Kingdom by a group of leading environmental economists, entitled Blueprint for a Green Economy. 1

Ans.4 A green consumer is someone who is very concerned about the environment and, therefore, only purchases products that are environment-friendly or eco-friendly. 1

Ans.5 Characteristics of entrepreneurship. (any four can be considered)

  • Ability to take up risks
  • Believe in hard work and discipline
  • Adaptable and flexible to achieve the goals of enhancing quality and customer satisfaction
  • Knowledge of the product and services and their need or demand in the market
  • Financial literacy and money management skills
  • Effective planning and execution

Ans.6 Components of a Green Economy:

A green economy includes the following components

  • Renewable energy
  • Green building
  • Well-managed (Sustainable) transport
  • Water management
  • Waste management
  • Land management

Answer any 04 questions out of the given 06 questions. 1 x 4 = 4

Ans.7 The Maharaja Express, Palace on Wheels, Golden Chariot 1

Ans.8 Low Cost Carrier 1

Ans.9 Mr. Thomas Cook was the first tourism intermediary. 1

Ans.10 The components of tourism product includes: Attractions, Services & facilities Activities. (any two can be written) 1

Ans.11 A historic site is an official location where pieces of political, military or social history have been preserved. A historic site can also be defined as any building, landscape, site or structure that is of local, regional, or national significance. 1

Ans.12 Flora and fauna refer to plant and animal wildlife, respectively. The term is often used to refer to the indigenous plant and animal wildlife of a geographical region. 1

Ans.13 The term intermediaries refer to the mediator who acts as a link between the producer and the customer. Intermediaries, also at times referred to as distributors, typically add some value to the transaction which was not possible through direct trading. 2

Ans.14 The Modern Tourism Business period is considered to have started from Second World War onwards. The growth in the tourism industry was directly linked with the development of the jet aircraft in the 1950’s and the creation of the commercial airline industry. As travel time got reduced with improved, less expensive mode of transportation; people started to travel for leisure. 2

Ans.15 In tourism, the distribution channel and intermediaries play a very important role. Their main job is to ensure that the services provided to the customer i.e. tourist meets and satisfies the customer expectation. At the same time the intermediary ensures that the seller such as hotels or guides understands the buyer needs. 2

Ans.16 Following can be adopted to protect tourism products:

  • One should not scribble, deface or encroach any monuments
  • One should not litter and make use of dustbins
  • There should be correct information available about the product
  • Say no to polythene bags
  • Do not smoke
  • Do not make noise
  • Respect the local customs and traditions. 2

Ans.17 Symbiotic tourism product refers to the tourism products that are a blend of natural and manmade resources.

Nature has provided the natural resources and manmade infrastructure and facilities have turned them into a perfectly blended tourism product.

Examples: Wildlife Sanctuaries, Marine Parks, guided snorkeling trips to coral reef and so on. 2

Ans.18 Difference Between Natural and Manmade tourism Products:

  • Natural Tourism Products: Natural Tourism Product refers to the tourism sites and destinations that are closely associated with the Natural Environment and act as a tourism product in itself. Natural Tourism Products include beaches, islands, mountains, hills, desert, wildlife (flora and fauna), caves, glaciers, lakes, waterfalls, rivers. Examples: Palm fringed beaches of Goa, snow-capped mountain in Kashmir, the flora and fauna of Kaziranga National Park in Assam, Dudhsagar fall in Goa, Thar Desert in Jaisalmer, etc.
  • Man Made Tourism Products: The manmade tourism products are those which are built by humans. There can be manmade tourism products which are purposely built for tourists, such as museums, casinos, theme parks and so on. There are manmade attractions which are not originally designed to attract tourists, like forts, palaces, temples etc. The manmade attractions also include customs and traditions of a destination. Folk dance, classical dance, music, handicrafts, fairs and festivals etc. are other manmade attractions. 2

Answer any 02 questions out of the given 03 questions.

Ans.19 Indian Railways, the fourth largest railway network in the world and second largest in terms of passenger aboard, have played a prominent role in the growth of tourism in the country. The large network of Indian railways means that people, irrespective of their economical means can travel in relative comfort. The extensive railways network, spanning over 63,000kms route and 6,909 stations, allows a person to travel to the remote corners of the country in relative ease and at the same time a person from the remote corner of the country can visit tourist places across the country. Indian Railways have many enticing Rail Tour packages on offer.

Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC), a subsidiary of the Indian Railways is actively involved in the development of budget and deluxe tour packages for both domestic and International tourists. Tour packages include conventional packages like Pilgrimage Tour as well as Adventure Tour and customized tour packages. Special Trains like Budhhist Circuit Trains are also being operated by IRCTC. 4

Ans.20 Characteristics of Tourism Product:

  • Tourism products are available only at the destination. They cannot be moved outside the destination.
  • Tourism products cannot be brought back with the tourist to his/her home. Only memories of the tourism products in the form of photographs, videos can be with the tourist.
  • Tourism products cannot be stored.
  • Tourism products cannot be owned by the tourist.
  • Tourism products have to be purchased and then consumed by the buyer at the destination.
  • Tourism products are made available by people and therefore, they are highly dependent on people who are providing it.
  • Tourism products are highly dependent upon the experience of the tourist, and therefore, it becomes difficult to measure the level of product quality. Revie

Ans.21 To convert a monument in to a tourism product the following facilities and activities can be included:

Services and facilities

  • Parking area for Tourist Vehicles,
  • Ticket Counters,
  • Safety & Security arrangements,
  • Cafeteria, Washrooms,
  • Sign boards,
  • Printed material/brochure,
  • Walking path,
  • Lighting facility,
  • Facilities for people with disability,
  • Cleanliness and Conservation
  • Tourist Guides,
  • Souvenir shops,
  • Light and Sound Programme,
  • Greenery / Gardens (special tours of the garden),
  • Points to click photographs

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tourism one mark questions

25 Conversation questions about tourism

Conversation questions about tourism.

Tourism is a massive worldwide industry that just about every country embraces. Most people love to go to new places, meet new people, and see new things. This is a fun speaking topic that is particularly interesting for those who are working in the tourism industry or want to in the future.

The most challenging terms for English language learners in these discussion questions about tourism include – industry, domestic, international, festival, consider, medical, charge (money), locals, provide, ecotourism, rely, nationality, create, destroy, promote, and mention.

The conversation questions about tourism are – 

1 – What are the first 5 things that you think of when you hear the word tourism?

2 – Is tourism a big industry in your country? Where do most tourists go and why?

3 – Do you see more domestic or international tourists traveling around your country?

4 – Are there any special festivals or food that bring tourism to where you live?

5 – Do you spend much money on travel each year? Where will you go next?

6 – Have you ever considered medical tourism? Where would you go for this and why?

7 – Which countries are very cheap for tourists? Which countries are very expensive?

8 – Do tourists pay the same prices as locals in your country or are they charged more?

9 – Would you like to work in the tourism industry? What job would you like to do?

10 – Do tourists ever come to your hometown? What is there for tourists to do there?

11 – What are some popular websites about tourism? What do these websites provide?

12 – How would you describe ecotourism? Is it becoming more popular in your country?

13 – What could your country do to bring in more tourists from around the world?

14 – Have you ever had any problems while traveling as a tourist? What happened?

15 – What are some countries that rely heavily on tourism for their economies?

16 – How much money do you think that a tourist spends per week visiting your country?

17 – Which nationalities visit your country as tourists the most often? Why is this so?

18 – In what ways can tourism be bad for the environment? How can this be helped?

19 – What kinds of jobs does tourism create? Can tourism ever destroy jobs? How?

20 – How do you think that tourism around the world will change in the future ?

21 – What are some things that could be built in your local area to encourage tourism?

22 – In what ways do older and younger tourists travel differently?

23 – Do you like to watch TV shows about tourism? What was the last show you saw?

24 – What do you think about tourists visiting your country? Are you happy that they visit?

25 – If you were to promote tourism for your country, what things would you mention?

a tourist taking a photo in Thailand

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Talk Business & Politics

Kiva NWA plans event to mark $1 million loan milestone

by Talk Business & Politics staff  ( [email protected] ) 23 hours ago 161 views  

tourism one mark questions

The Northwest Arkansas hub of microloan nonprofit Kiva has planned an event to mark a seven-figure achievement.

The “$1 Million Milestone Celebration” is on Feb. 22 at TheatreSquared in downtown Fayetteville. The event will recognize the success of Kiva NWA borrowers and express gratitude to lenders.

Kiva, established in Uganda in 2005, expanded to the United States in 2009 and implemented the US Kiva Hubs program in 2011.

Kiva NWA  launched in December 2019 and is supported by grants from the Walton Family Foundation and facilitated by Fayetteville nonprofit Startup Junkie Foundation.

Kiva NWA hit the $1 million mark late last year .

“We’re immensely proud of our entire community for their tireless efforts in providing essential services to Northwest Arkansas,” said Harrison Kitson, Kiva Program Associate. “We’re excited to celebrate the collective success of the past four years, and we invite the NWA small business community to join us in commemorating this milestone.”

More details and registration information are available at this link .

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  • Frequently Asked Questions

IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card Review 2024

Our experts answer readers' credit card questions and write unbiased product reviews ( here's how we assess credit cards ). In some cases, we receive a commission from our partners ; however, our opinions are our own. Terms apply to offers listed on this page.

The IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card earns bonus IHG points on paid stays, and provides a fourth night free benefit when you redeem your points for award stays. However, the IHG One Rewards Premier Credit Card is a stronger choice overall if you like staying at IHG hotels. The only reasons to get the IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card are if you don't want to pay an annual fee or want to earn the welcome bonus points. 

Chase IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card

Earn up to 17 total points per $1 spent when you stay at an IHG Hotel & Resorts. Earn 3 points per $1 spent on purchases on monthly bills, gas stations, and restaurants. Earn 2 points per $1 spent on all other purchases.

21.49% - 28.49% Variable

Earn 100,000 bonus miles

Good to Excellent

  • Check mark icon A check mark. It indicates a confirmation of your intended interaction. No annual fee
  • Check mark icon A check mark. It indicates a confirmation of your intended interaction. Great points earning for IHG stays
  • Check mark icon A check mark. It indicates a confirmation of your intended interaction. No foreign transaction fees
  • con icon Two crossed lines that form an 'X'. Not much in the way of perks beyond earning points
  • con icon Two crossed lines that form an 'X'. Really only a good option for earning points on IHG stays

The IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card is a decent option if you stay at IHG hotels occasionally and don't want to pay an annual fee. However, you'll get a much better deal with the annual-fee personal Chase IHG card, the IHG One Rewards Premier Credit Card.

  • Limited Time Offer! Earn 100,000 bonus points
  • No Annual Fee
  • Earn up to 17 total points per $1 spent when you stay at IHG Hotels & Resorts
  • Earn 3 points per $1 spent on purchases on monthly bills, at gas stations, and restaurants. Earn 2 points per $1 spent on all other purchases
  • No Foreign Transaction Fees
  • Redeem 3 Nights, Get the 4th Night Free
  • IHG One Rewards Bonus points are redeemable at Hotels & Resorts such as InterContinental®, Crowne Plaza®, Kimpton®, EVEN® Hotels, Indigo® Hotels & Holiday Inn®
  • Member FDIC

IHG One Rewards Traveler Card Overview

New cardholders can earn 100,000 bonus miles after you spend $2,000 on purchases in the first three months from account opening. That's worth around $650 in hotel stays, based on Insider's valuation of IHG points at 0.65 cents each — though it's possible to get an even higher rate of return.

You'll also earn 5 points per dollar spent at IHG hotels (in addition to points you'd normally earn from a stay), 3 points per dollar on dining, gas stations, utilities, internet, cable, phone, and select streaming services, and 2 points per dollar on all other purchases. There's no annual fee, and you won't pay foreign transaction fees for making purchases abroad. 

In addition to receiving automatic IHG Silver elite status, you'll also get a path to earn IHG Gold elite status when you spend $20,000 on purchases and make one additional purchase in a calendar year, and a 20% discount on IHG points purchased through Points.com. 

The IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card also comes with decent travel and purchase coverage, such as trip delay and cancellation insurance and purchase protection on items bought with the card. These benefits are nice to have on any card, especially from a no-annual-fee travel card .

But if you like staying at IHG hotels, you'll get more meaningful benefits with the IHG One Rewards Premier Credit Card. With it, you'll earn up to 26 points per dollar spent at IHG hotels (10x points from the card, 10x points for being an IHG member, and 6x points from the automatic Platinum elite status that comes with the card) and get a free award night worth up to 40,000 points every cardmember anniversary. The card also has a welcome offer of 165,000 bonus miles after you spend $3,000 on purchases in the first three months from account opening, which is much more than what the IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card offers.  

Though there's an annual fee of $99 for the IHG One Rewards Premier Credit Card, the anniversary free night award is easily worth more. Plus, having IHG Platinum elite status can get you room upgrades and late checkout when available, on top of bonus points for paid stays. For most IHG loyalists, it's a better option, even with the annual fee factored in. Here's our Chase IHG Premier credit card review for comparison.

IHG Traveler Card Rewards

Welcome bonus offer.

The IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card is currently offering a welcome bonus of 100,000 bonus miles after you spend $2,000 on purchases in the first three months from account opening. This isn't the highest bonus we've ever seen on this card, but based on Insider's valuation of IHG points at (0.65 cents each), it's worth around $650 in hotel stays.

How to earn points

The IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card earns 5 points per dollar spent at IHG hotels. In addition to up to 10 points per dollar you earn for being an IHG member and up to 2x points for having Silver elite status from the card, that's up to 17x points total for IHG stays. 

You'll also earn 3 points per dollar at gas stations , restaurants , utilities, internet, cable, phone, and select streaming services , and 2 points per dollar on all other purchases. 

Keep in mind not all streaming services are eligible for bonus points. Qualifying subscriptions are:

  • Apple Music
  • YouTube Premium
  • YouTube TV 

How to use IHG Points

It's easy to redeem IHG points for free hotel stays directly on IHG.com. You can search for a hotel by location, but keep in mind IHG doesn't have an official award chart and award nights are dynamically priced. Prices vary by hotel, and can even fluctuate day-to-day, based on demand.  

However, you'll generally pay 10,000 to 25,000 points per night at budget-friendly hotels like Holiday Inn and Candlewood Suites, all the way up to 70,000 points per night for high-end brands like InterContinental and Kimpton. A few luxury resorts in places like Macau and the Maldives can cost 75,000 to 120,000 points per night. 

You can stretch your points further with Points + Cash rates. Here too, redemption options vary, but you'll need to use a minimum of 5,000 points with this option. It typically isn't a great value but can be worth checking if you're low on points or have an expensive stay planned. 

You can redeem IHG points for merchandise, gift cards, magazine subscriptions, or digital rewards like games and e-books, but the value you'll receive is usually much less than you'd get for a free hotel night. IHG also allows you to transfer your points to airline miles, but again, the ratio is poor and only worthwhile if you have a very specific reward in mind. 

IHG allows you to transfer your points to another member at a rate of $5 per 1,000 points transferred, or donate them to one of its charity partners. 

IHG Traveler Card Benefits

Fourth reward night free.

When you have the IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card, any time you redeem IHG points for reward nights, you'll get the fourth night free on stays of three or more nights. This benefit can be used an unlimited amount of times. 

Automatic IHG Silver elite status

IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card cardholders get automatic IHG Silver elite status , which is the chain's lowest status tier. Silver members get a handful of perks, including 20% bonus points on paid stays and late checkout when available. In addition, having and maintaining any level of IHG elite status means your points won't expire.

Opportunity to earn Gold elite status

You can earn IHG Gold elite status when you spend $20,000 on purchases and make one additional purchase with your IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card in a calendar year. Your Gold status will be valid until December 31 of the following year.

Gold is the next tier up from IHG Silver and includes perks like 40% bonus points on paid stays and late checkout when available.

For comparison, the IHG One Rewards Premier Credit Card comes with automatic Platinum elite status with no additional spending required. 

10,000 bonus points each year if you meet a spending threshold

Each calendar year when you spend at least $10,000 and make one additional purchase with your IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card, you'll receive 10,000 bonus points.

20% discount on points purchases

If you're close to an award stay and need to purchase additional IHG points, you'll get a 20% discount when you pay with your IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card. Note that you can purchase a maximum of 150,000 points per calendar year.    

Damage and theft purchase protection

New purchases made with your IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card are covered against damage and theft for 120 days, up to $500 per claim and $50,000 per account. 

Extended warranty protection

You can extend a US manufacturer's warranty by an additional year on eligible warranties of three years or less when you pay for the purchase with your IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card. 

Auto rental collision damage waiver insurance

When you pay for a rental car with your IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card and decline the rental company's collision insurance, you're covered for theft and collision damage. In the US, coverage is secondary to your personal insurance, but is primary insurance abroad. 

Baggage delay insurance

When you pay for your fare with the IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card, if your baggage is delayed over six hours, you can get reimbursed for essential purchases like toiletries and clothing up to $100 a day for three days. 

Lost luggage reimbursement

If you or an immediate family member check or carry on luggage that gets damaged or lost, you're covered up to $3,000 per passenger per trip when you pay with your IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card. 

Trip cancellation and interruption insurance

If your trip is canceled or cut short because of sickness, severe weather, or another covered situation, you can get reimbursed up to $5,000 per person and $10,000 per trip for pre-paid, non-refundable travel expenses like fares, tours, and hotels. 

Travel accident insurance

When you pay for air, bus, train, or cruise transportation with your IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card, you can get accidental death or dismemberment coverage up to $500,000.

Complimentary DoorDash DashPass membership

When you have the IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card, you can activate a complimentary one-year DoorDash DashPass membership . DashPass offers free delivery and discounted service fees on orders of $12 or more with DoorDash and Caviar delivery services, and usually costs $9.99 per month. You'll need to activate the benefit by December 31, 2024.

Fraud protection and alerts

Chase uses real-time fraud monitoring to protect your account. You can sign-up to receive a text, email, or call if there's any unusual activity. 

IHG Traveler Card Annual Fee and Other Costs

The IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card has no annual fee and no foreign transaction fees , so it's an ideal card to keep long-term and carry abroad. It's always a good idea to have at least one card with no foreign transaction fees. 

Like most other cards, the IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card charges fees for cash advances, late payments, and returned payments. 

Compare the IHG Traveler Card

* Bonus points at IHG hotels are in addition to the points members would normally earn from a stay

*** The IHG One Rewards Premier Credit Card and IHG One Rewards Premier Business Credit Card offer an annual free night award each year after your account anniversary for participating IHG properties that cost up to 40,000 points

IHG Traveler Card Frequently Asked Questions 

Most folks who are approved for the IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card have a  credit score in the good  to  excellent range . This means a  FICO score of at least 670.

No, the IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card does not come with a free night on your card anniversary . Only the IHG One Rewards Premier Credit Card and IHG One Rewards Premier Business Credit Card offer this benefit for stays at IHG hotels.

For most travelers who stay with IHG, the IHG One Rewards Premier Credit Card is a better deal than the IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card, even though it charges a $99 annual fee. The anniversary free night you get with the card can more than offset the yearly cost, and additional benefits like automatic Platinum elite status and a Global Entry, TSA PreCheck, or NEXUS application fee credit make the card even more valuable.

But if you're completely opposed to paying an annual fee and don't stay with IHG often, the IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card could be worth it. Just remember you'll get more flexibility by earning Chase Ultimate Rewards® points or Bilt Rewards points (which transfer to IHG at a 1:1 ratio) from cards like the Chase Sapphire Preferred® Card and Bilt Mastercard®, so be sure to check out those options as well. Here's our guide to the best Chase cards .

The IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card is subject to the  Chase 5/24 rule , which means if you've opened five or more credit cards from any bank (excluding some small-business cards), you won't be approved for the card. You're also not eligible if you already have any personal IHG card open, including the legacy IHG Rewards Club Select card (no longer available to new applicants), or earned the welcome bonus from one in the past 24 months.

However, you can have the small-business IHG One Rewards Premier Business Credit Card and still qualify for a personal IHG card like the IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card.

The IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card is a World Mastercard, which means it comes with good travel insurance and purchase protection, along with other perks.

Methodology: How We Reviewed the IHG One Rewards Traveler Card

The credit card team at Insider evaluated the IHG One Rewards Traveler Credit Card in comparison to other IHG credit cards, as well as no-annual-fee hotel credit cards from chains like Hilton, Marriott, Wyndham, and Choice.

We considered several factors in our review:

  • Ease of use — Is the card's rewards program straightforward, or are there complex rules and award charts to navigate?
  • Earning potential — Does the welcome bonus offer a good value and is it competitive with similar cards? Are there useful bonus categories that make the card valuable for both travel and everyday spending?
  • Fees — Even no-annual-fee cards may sting you with other fees or charges that can diminish the value of your rewards, such as foreign transaction fees or a high APR. With annual-fee cards, we consider whether or not the perks justify the cost.
  • Benefits — Does the card have perks that save you money and time, or make your travels more comfortable? 

Read about how we rate credit cards at Insider to learn more about our methodology.

For rates and fees of the Hilton Honors American Express Card, please click here.

For rewards and benefits of the Bilt Mastercard, please click here.

Editorial Note: Any opinions, analyses, reviews, or recommendations expressed in this article are the author’s alone, and have not been reviewed, approved, or otherwise endorsed by any card issuer. Read our editorial standards .

Please note: While the offers mentioned above are accurate at the time of publication, they're subject to change at any time and may have changed, or may no longer be available.

**Enrollment required.

Eligibility and Benefit level varies by Card. Terms, Conditions and Limitations Apply. Please visit americanexpress.com/benefitsguide for more details. Trip Delay Insurance, Trip Cancellation and Interruption Insurance, and Cell Phone Protection Underwritten by New Hampshire Insurance Company, an AIG Company. Global Assist Hotline Card Members are responsible for the costs charged by third-party service providers. If approved and coordinated by Premium Global Assist Hotline, emergency medical transportation assistance may be provided at no cost. In any other circumstance, Card Members may be responsible for the costs charged by third-party service providers. Extended Warranty, Purchase Protection, and Baggage Insurance Plan Underwritten by AMEX Assurance Company. Car Rental Loss & Damage Insurance Underwritten by AMEX Assurance Company. Car Rental Loss or Damage Coverage is offered through American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc.

tourism one mark questions

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tourism one mark questions

  • Main content
  • TOURISM GRADE 12 QUESTIONS - NSC EXAMS PAST PAPERS AND MEMOS MAY/JUNE 2021

TOURISM  GRADE 12 NATIONAL SENIOR CERTIFICATE EXAMINATIONS MAY/JUNE 2021

INSTRUCTIONS AND INFORMATION Read the instructions carefully before answering the questions.

  • This question paper consists of FIVE sections.
  • Answer ALL the questions.
  • Start EACH question on a NEW page.
  • In QUESTION 3.1, round off your answers to TWO decimal places.
  • Show ALL steps of the calculations.
  • You may use a non-programmable calculator.
  • Use the mark allocation of each question as a guide to the length of your answer.
  • Write neatly and legibly.
  • The table below is a guide to help you allocate your time according to each section.

SECTION A: SHORT QUESTIONS QUESTION 1 1.1 Various options are provided as possible answers to the following questions. Choose the answer and write only the letter (A–D) next to the question numbers (1.1.1 to 1.1.20) in the ANSWER BOOK, e.g. 1.1.21 D. 1.1.1 The Covid-19 pandemic restricted travel worldwide. South Africa permitted … travel first to support the recovery of the tourism industry.

  • international
  • transcontinental
  • interprovincial
  • intraprovincial

1.1.2 Sleeping under mosquito nets at accommodation establishments in tropical areas is a measure to prevent contracting these diseases:

  • Tetanus and Ebola virus
  • Hepatitis A and hepatitis B
  • Yellow fever and malaria
  • Bilharzia and cholera

1.1.4 A tourist who prefers luxury travel will …

  • stay at a three-star hotel in the city centre.
  • put together an expensive and exclusive tour package.
  • go on a packaged tour as part of a big group.
  • share a room in order to save on costs.
  • More hotels are being built, decreasing the accommodation capacity.
  • The city is becoming overcrowded and people are moving to rural areas.
  • After being busy the whole day, the worker goes home and relaxes.
  • The worker and the supermarket earn money from the hotel being built.

1.1.6 A site characterised by different architectural styles providing information about the Mayan culture:

  • Chichen Itza
  • Berlin Wall

1.1.7 The Great Wall of China is found on this continent:

  • North America
  • South America

1.1.8 The TOMSA 1% tourism levy is collected by these sectors:

  • Accommodation, car rental and tour operators
  • Public, private and financial
  • Food and beverage, and attraction
  • Transportation, events and conferences

1.1.9 This World Heritage Site contains outstanding ecological and biological examples of fynbos vegetation:

  • Cradle of Humankind
  • iSimangaliso Wetland Park
  • Cape Floral Region
  • Barberton Makhonjwa Mountains

1.1.10 Offering a discounted ticket price to enter the Taj Mahal will be viewed as a … that will contribute to the success of the attraction.

  • evacuation plan
  • crime preventative measure
  • universal access measure
  • marketing strategy

1.1.11 Solving ethical challenges … in the workplace.

  • promotes integrity
  • describes the holiday environment
  • is part of the contract of employment
  • guides the dress code

1.1.12 Grooming refers to …

  • verbal communication.
  • working hours.
  • personal hygiene.
  • fringe benefits.

1.1.13 When an employee is unfairly dismissed, the Basic Conditions of Employment Act, 1997 (Act 75 of 1997) and the … form the basis for negotiations between the employer, the union and the employee.

  • contract of employment
  • marriage contract
  • valid passport
  • health certificate

1.1.14 FTT (Fair Trade Tourism) is the organisation responsible for …

  • the grading of accommodation establishments.
  • policymaking in the Department of Tourism.
  • funding of start-up companies and tourism SMMEs.
  • certification of sustainable tourism businesses.

1.1.15 Reduce, re-use, recycle are environmentally conscious initiatives that support the …

  • eradication of alien plants.
  • procurement of local products.
  • management of waste.
  • impact of Covid-19.

1.1.16 Geocaching is a hide-and-seek, outdoor recreational activity using a GPS (global positioning system) to find mystery prizes at specific locations. When participants from all over the world travel to various destinations to participate in geocaching activities, this can be classified as a …

  • conference.
  • local event.
  • global event.

1.1.17 One regulation imposed on restaurants during the Covid-19 pandemic in 2020:

  • Maintain social distancing by arranging tables two metres apart.
  • Prepare food away from customers' view.
  • Remove shoes before entering the restaurant.
  • Customers must supply their own hand sanitisers.

1.1.18 Foreign market share in tourism refers to the …

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  • percentage of profit sharing with other stakeholders of foreign tourist arrivals in South Africa.
  • foreign income that is earned from all foreign trade, including imports and exports.
  • percentage of foreign tourists to South Africa in relation to other competing destinations.
  • number of foreign companies that operate within the borders of South Africa.

1.1.19 The trend in the hotel occupancy rate from July to September for the period 2018 and 2019 in the table below shows …

  • no difference in the demand for hotel accommodation.
  • decline in the demand for hotel accommodation.
  • positive growth in the demand for hotel accommodation.
  • increase in travel patterns between the two years.

1.1.20 A dissatisfied tourist goes into a travel agent's office to complain about incorrect travel arrangements. The type of customer feedback used in this case:

  • Online complaint
  • Legal complaint
  • Written complaint
  • Face-to-face complaint (20 x 1) (20)

1.2 Give ONE word/term for each of the following descriptions by choosing a word/term from the list below. Write only the word/term next to the question numbers (1.2.1 to 1.2.5) in the ANSWER BOOK, e.g. 1.2.6 bank buying rate. tourist guide; budget; passport; optional extras; special needs; itinerary; single supplement; attractions; visa; hepatitis C vaccination 1.2.1 A recommended health precaution 1.2.2 A group of tourists who are abstaining from (do not eat) meat due to religious reasons 1.2.3 An excursion or activity not included in the original travel plan 1.2.4 Places of interest visited by many tourists 1.2.5 A document prepared by a travel agent that includes accommodation, meals and transport (5 x 1) (5) 1.3 Choose the correct word(s) from those given in brackets. Write only the word(s) next to the question numbers (1.3.1 to 1.3.5) in the ANSWER BOOK, e.g. 1.3.6 passport. 1.3.1 (Litter control/Noise pollution control) reduces the announcements made at the arrival and departure terminals at an airport. 1.3.2 The (logo/environmental policy) forms part of the branding of a tourism business. 1.3.3 (Discounted travel/Maternity leave) can be regarded a fringe benefit for a person working at a travel agency. 1.3.4 Solving a customer's complaint is a (technical/communication) skill. 1.3.5 Companies may change their (salary packages/marketing strategy) to highlight their offerings when hosting a national event. (5 x 1) (5) 1.4 Choose a term from COLUMN B that matches the description in COLUMN A. Write only the letter (A–F) next to the question numbers (1.4.1 to 1.4.5) in the ANSWER BOOK, e.g. 1.4.6 G.

  • Itinerary (2)
  • Hotel accommodation (2)
  • Prescription medication (2)
  • Duty-free shopping (2)

2.2 Study the flight schedule below and answer the questions that follow. 2.2.1 Explain ONE reason why there is a time difference between Mauritius and South Africa. (2) 2.2.2 Calculate what time it was in Mauritius when the Dubes arrived in South Africa at 12:00 on 30 April 2020. Show ALL calculations. (3) 2.2.3 Calculate the departure time of the repatriation flight from Mauritius. Show ALL calculations. (4) 2.2.4 Do you think the Dubes will suffer from jet lag when they land in South Africa? Give ONE reason for your answer. (2) 2.2.5 Estelle, a friend from London, stayed in the Dubes' home while they were on holiday in Mauritius. Estelle also had to return to London on a special flight. She departed at 19:00 on 24 April 2020 from the OR Tambo International Airport to London. The flying time was 11 hours. The United Kingdom practises DST during this period. Calculate the date and time when Estelle arrived in London. Show ALL calculations. (7) 2.3 2.3.1 Passengers were transferred directly from the aircraft into minibuses. The minibuses took them to the passport control point and then to the baggage collection point. These are not the normal operating procedures at an airport. Give ONE reason why it was necessary to transport the passengers in this way. (2) 2.3.2 Explain THREE ways in which the repatriation process ensured the health and safety of the South African passengers. (6) [40]

QUESTION 3 Study the information below and answer the questions that follow.

3.1 3.1.1 Before the Dubes left South Africa, they exchanged R50 000 for USD. Calculate the amount the Dubes received in USD. (3) 3.1.2 When the Dubes returned to South Africa, they were left with USD62,70. Calculate the amount the Dubes would have received when they exchanged the USD for rand. (3) 3.2 Explain TWO challenges most tourists would have experienced in exchanging their left-over foreign currency notes when they returned to South Africa. (4) [10] TOTAL SECTION B: 50

  • Identify the mystery icon. (2)
  • Name the continent where the mystery icon is located. (2)
  • Identify ONE of the famous icons being referred to in the case study above. (2)
  • State the problem that is currently threatening this icon. (2)

4.2.2 Discuss TWO reasons why the Egyptian authorities find it necessary to preserve these icons for future generations.(4) 4.2.3 Recommend TWO ways in which the Egyptian authorities can maintain a positive visitor experience despite the environmental issues mentioned in the article.(4) [26]

  • Name the first strategy of SATourism's global brand initiative for 2020. (2)
  • Explain ONE reason why the strategy in your answer to QUESTION 5.1.2(a) can be successful in making South Africa a destination of choice. (2)

5.1.3 The CEO of SATourism has placed trust in 'our people' to drive the country's tourism. Discuss TWO reasons why the CEO of SATourism has placed trust in South Africans to grow the tourism industry. (4) [12]

QUESTION 8 8.1 Study the information below and answer the questions that follow.

8.1.1 Identify TWO role players who would benefit from the GCET. (2) 8.1.2 Identify the two pillars of the triple bottom line represented by: 

  • Article 3 (2)
  • Article 5 (2)

8.1.3 Explain THREE ways in which Article 5 will prevent exploitation (taking advantage) of communities. (6) 8.2 Study the extract and picture below and answer the questions that follow. SUSTAINABLE TOURISM BUSINESS PRACTICES The King Committee on Corporate Governance (established in 1993) is responsible for promoting ethical business practices. The King Committee has published many reports over the years, known as King I, II, III and IV. King III of 2009 emphasised how businesses should be managed sustainably in terms of their finances, their responsibility towards the community where they do business and the protection of the environment. King III formed the basis of the triple bottom-line approach of doing business.

  • Cancelled (2)
  • Delayed (2)

QUESTION 10 Name ONE web-based customer feedback method. [2] TOTAL SECTION E: 30 GRAND TOTAL: 200

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Frequently Asked Questions on the USCIS Fee Rule

On Jan. 30, 2024, we published a final rule to adjust certain immigration and naturalization benefit request fees for the first time since 2016. With the final rule, USCIS can recover its operating costs more fully and support timely processing of new applications.

Unlike many other federal agencies, we are almost entirely fee-funded. Approximately 96% of our funding is from filing fees, and only about 4% is from congressional appropriations.

This final rule goes into effect on April 1, 2024.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. Why does USCIS need a new fee schedule? A. The fee schedule from 2016 no longer covers operational costs to timely adjudicate USCIS immigration and naturalization benefits. We need higher fees to cover the cost of doing business and better avoid the accumulation of future backlogs.

Q. What about funding from Congress? A. We receive 96% of our funding from our customers in the form of filing fees, not from taxpayers in the form of congressional appropriations.

Fortunately, Congress provided much-needed support in fiscal year 2022, appropriating $275 million specifically to reduce current backlogs and advance our humanitarian mission.

We will require continued congressional support to eliminate our current backlogs. It is our intention is that the new fee rule will allow us to keep pace with incoming cases and avoid future backlogs.

The Fee Rule was developed before the proposed Border Security Supplemental Funding. USCIS funding requested in the Supplemental will NOT be covered by any increased fees collected through the Fee Rule.

Q. How did current backlogs accumulate in the first place? A. As described in our  Fiscal Year 2022 Progress Report (PDF, 1.08 MB) , immigration filings decreased dramatically in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, and revenue temporarily dropped by 40%. A hiring freeze and workforce attrition reduced the agency’s capacity to complete cases, even as incoming caseloads rebounded to pre-COVID levels.

The hiring freeze was lifted in March 2021, and we are working to fill current vacancies by recruiting and training new staff— we are hiring !

We have continued to deliver improved services even in advance of this new fee rule . To stay on a strong fiscal footing and continue improving our delivery of timely decisions, we need the resources that this fee rule will provide.

Q. How much revenue does USCIS expect to receive under the new fee schedule? A. We expected the previous fee schedule, in place since 2016, to yield an average of $3.28 billion per year (excluding fees for premium processing and temporary programs).

Under the fee schedule proposed in January 2023, we would have received an estimated average of $5.2 billion per year.

Under this final rule, we expect to receive an average of $4.42 billion per year. This is 14.1% less revenue – and less cost burden on filers – compared to the proposed rule, because the final rule removed $727 million of average annual estimated costs by transferring costs to premium processing revenue, reducing the work to be funded by the Asylum Program Fee, and considering the budget effects of improved efficiency measures.

Thus, the final fee rule would generate an additional average $1.14 billion per year in agency revenue compared with the previous fee schedule baseline. This is the amount necessary to match agency capacity with projected workloads, so that backlogs do not accumulate in the future.

Q. When was the last time USCIS increased fees? A. The previously implemented USCIS fee schedule was published in a   fee rule (PDF)  that went into effect more than seven years ago, on Dec. 23, 2016.

Q. How will this rule change the USCIS fee schedule, in summary? A. Core elements of the final rule include the following:

  • For individual filers, the final rule generally limits newly established fees to no more than the increase in the Consumer Price Index since 2016, which is 26%. Many such fees will increase by well under 26%.
  • The final fee rule holds fee increases to a low level for naturalization and adoption applications and petitions.
  • The final fee rule mitigates higher fees for employer filers by special discounts for nonprofits and small employers.
  • The final fee rule codifies existing fee waiver eligibility for low-income and vulnerable populations and expands fee exemptions for certain humanitarian and other beneficiaries.
  • For forms where USCIS offers online filing, there will generally be a $50 discount for those who choose this online option over paper filing. 

Q. How is the final rule different from the proposed rule? A. We published a notice of proposed rulemaking in January 2023 and received over 5,400 unique public comments in response. Acknowledging this feedback from stakeholders, the final fee rule includes several important changes compared with the proposed version.

Compared with the proposed rule, every fee is the same or lower in the final rule.

Final rule changes from the proposed rule include:

  • Lowering the agency’s required annual cost recovery by $727 million, in part by considering the budget effects of improved efficiency measures;
  • Expanding fee exemptions for Special Immigrant Juveniles; victims of human trafficking (T visa), crime (U visa), and domestic violence (petitioners under the Violence Against Women Act); U.S. military servicemembers and our Afghan allies; and families pursuing international adoption;
  • Providing special fee discounts for nonprofits and small employers;
  • Allowing half-price Employment Authorization Document applications for applicants for adjustment of status and a reduced fee for adjustment of status applicants under the age of 14 in certain conditions;
  • Implementing a standard $50 discount for online filers;
  • Expanding eligibility for reduced-fee naturalization applications, available to individuals who can demonstrate household income between 150% and 400% of the Federal Poverty Guidelines; and
  • Expanding fee exemptions for certain USCIS processes for adoptions, including a second extension, a second change in country, and a duplicate approval notice request.

Q. What additional changes are in the final rule? A. Specific changes from the proposed rule that are also in the final rule include:

  • Incorporating biometric services costs into the main benefit fee and removing the separate biometric services fee in most cases (Temporary Protected Status and the filings accepted on behalf of the Executive Office for Immigration Review are exceptions, where the rule proposes a separate biometric services fee of $30 instead of the current $85);
  • Eliminating the $30 returned check fee;
  • Requiring separate filing fees for Form I-485 (adjustment of status), Form I-131 (travel document), and Form I-765 (employment authorization), whether or not they are filed together;
  • Establishing separate fees for Form I-129, Petition for a Nonimmigrant Worker, by nonimmigrant classification;
  • Limiting the number of named beneficiaries on certain petitions for nonimmigrant workers to 25;
  • Revising the premium processing timeframe interpretation from calendar days to business days;
  • Clarifying that USCIS will not redeposit payments returned as unpayable for a reason other than insufficient funds;
  • Stating that fees paid to USCIS using a credit card are not subject to dispute, chargeback, forced refund, or return to the cardholder for any reason except at the discretion of USCIS;
  • Revising certain USCIS processes for adoptions from countries that are not party to the Hague Adoption Convention (orphan cases) to align them with the processes for adoptions from countries that are party to that Convention;
  • Providing fee exemptions for adoptees filing applications for Certificates of Citizenship and naturalization based on adoption; and
  • Revising regulations related to genealogy searches, including establishing a fee for Form G-1566, Request for Certificate of Non-Existence.

For each relevant form, the following table (adapted from Table 1 of the final fee rule) compares the previously enacted fee, the fee from the January 2023 Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM), and the final rule fee that goes into effect on April 1, 2024.

On or before this effective date, we will also post an updated comprehensive fee schedule on our Fee Schedule webpage.

Q. What does the final rule say about fee waivers? A. The final rule codifies that fee waiver eligibility is based on an inability to pay and that fee waivers will continue to be available for applicants who receive means-tested public benefits, have income at or below 150% of the Federal Poverty Guidelines, or who demonstrate financial hardship.

Q. How does the fee rule expand fee exemptions? A. Before this final rule, we provided fee exemptions, authorized under the INA section 286(m), 8 U.S.C. 1356(m), through policy guidance documents, such as form instructions, the USCIS policy manual, or similar directives, but not always in regulations. In this final rule, we codify several fee exemptions, including for humanitarian-related forms, because of the humanitarian nature of these programs and the likelihood that individuals who file requests related to these categories will qualify for a fee waiver if they request it. In addition, the final rule provides additional fee exemptions for certain immigration benefit requests, including:

  • All forms associated with an application for T nonimmigrant status through final adjudication of the T nonimmigrant’s Form I-485, the application for adjustment of status to lawful permanent resident (LPR);
  • All forms associated with U nonimmigrant status including the filing of a Form I-485;
  • All forms associated with a Violence Against Women Act-based Form I-360 filing through final adjudication of the adjustment of status application, including the filing of Forms I-290B, I-212, I-601, I-765 and I-824;
  • Conditional permanent residents seeking a waiver of the Form I-751 joint-filing requirement based on battery or extreme cruelty;   
  • Abused spouses and children seeking benefits under the Nicaraguan Adjustment and Central American Relief Act (NACARA) for all forms filed through final adjudication for adjustment of status to LPR, including Form I-765 as well as Form I-881, Application for Suspension of Deportation or Special Rule Cancellation of Removal (Pursuant to Section 203 of Public Law 105-100 (NACARA)) and associated forms;
  • Benefits for Special Immigrant Afghan or Iraqi translators or interpreters, Iraqi nationals employed by or for the U.S. government or Afghan nationals employed by or for the U.S. government or employed by the International Security Assistance Force and their derivative beneficiaries, including filing Forms I-765, I-290B, I-824, I-485, I-212, I-601, and I-131;
  • Special Immigrant Juveniles for all forms through final adjudication of the adjustment of status application, including Form I-485 and associated forms;
  • Certain adoption-related applications or requests, including second extensions, second changes in country, duplicate approval notices, and certificates of citizenship and naturalization;
  • Form I-131, Application for Travel Document, for persons admitted or paroled as refugees, including LPRs who obtained such status as refugees in the United State; and
  • Current and former U.S. armed forces service members, including people who served honorably on active duty in the U.S. armed forces, including Forms I-765, I-485, I-360, and Form I-131.

You can find a complete list of previous and additional fee exemptions in the final rule in Tables 5A, 5B, and 5C.

Q. What fees are reduced but not waived or exempted in the final fee rule? A. Under the final fee rule:

  • Individuals seeking adjustment of status will pay half the standard fee for  Form I-765, Application for Employment Authorization , if they paid the full fee for a concurrently filed or pending adjustment application ;
  • There will be no separate biometric services fee for most applicants;
  • Nonprofits and small employers (25 or fewer full-time equivalent employees) filing Form I-129 will pay a 50% discounted fee (or the same fee as under the previous fee rule, if 50% of the standard new fee would be less than the previous fee);
  • There will be a $50 discount for forms filed online with USCIS, except in limited circumstances, such as when the form fee is already provided at a substantial discount or USCIS is prohibited by law from charging a full cost recovery level fee; and
  • Naturalization applicants filing Form N-400 who have incomes between 150% and 400% of the  Federal Poverty Guidelines will pay half the full fee. Previous regulations provided the half-price fee for applicants whose incomes were between 150% and 200% of the Federal Poverty Guidelines. 

Q. Why is there a $50 discount for online versus paper filing? A. We encourage online filing—where available—for a more efficient electronic submission and adjudication process. Intaking, storing, and handling paper all require significant operational resources, and information recorded on paper cannot be as effectively standardized or used for fraud and national security, information sharing, and system integration purposes. Every benefit request submitted online instead of on paper provides direct and immediate cost savings and operational efficiencies to both USCIS and filers—benefits that will increase throughout an individual’s immigration journey as more benefit requests become available for online filing  and case management.

Q. How does the final rule affect the fees for naturalization applications? A. We have long recognized the social and economic benefits that the United States receives from new citizens, and, to that end, prior fee rules have kept naturalization application fees below the level of full cost recovery.

The new fee rule will further reduce the total cost of most applicants, as indicated in the table below. Previously, the total cost included both an application fee ($640) and a separate biometric services fee ($85), for a total of $725 for most applicants. Under the new fee rule, there is no longer a separate biometric services fee, and the total fee is $710 for online filers or $760 for paper filers.

The new fee rule also provides a reduced naturalization fee ($380) for applicants with a household income between 150% and 400% of the Federal Poverty Guidelines (FPG), expanding eligibility for this reduced fee. Under the previous fee schedule, this reduced fee was only available to applicants with a household income between 150% and 200% of the FPG.

Q. How will the final rule change adoption processes for orphan cases? A. The rule changes the validity period for a  Form I-600A  approval in an orphan case to 15 months. Another key change is that we created a form supplement (Supplement 3) that prospective adoptive parents can use for requests for action on approved suitability determinations in orphan cases (instead of prospective adoptive parents having to draft their own letter). These changes will help align our processes for adoptions from countries that are not party to the Hague Adoption Convention (orphan cases) with the processes for adoptions from countries that are party to that convention. Also, the final rule provides fee exemptions for second extensions, second changes in country, duplicate approval notices, and certificates citizenship and naturalization for adoptees.

Q. How did DHS calculate the various fee increases in the final rule? A. DHS is authorized to recover the full costs of providing all such services, including the costs of similar services provided without charge to asylum applicants and other immigrants. Stated simply, the total fees that we receive may cover our total operational costs.

This means that the fees for a particular form may include the unit cost of adjudicating that form, plus an additional amount to cover the agency’s non-adjudication overhead expenses. As part of that overhead, filers who pay the full fee may cover the agency’s costs to adjudicate fee-exempt, fee-reduced, and fee-waived cases.

In addition, the rule includes a new Asylum Program Fee of $600 that employers pay if they file either  Form I-129, Petition for a Nonimmigrant Worker , Form I-129CW, Petition for a CNMI-Only Nonimmigrant Transitional Worker , or  Form I-140, Immigrant Petition for Alien Workers . The fee will cover some of the costs associated with asylum processing, which does not include its own fee. This fee increase for employer petitioners mitigates the size of the fee increases for individual filers.

In response to public comments, the final rule provides special relief for nonprofit petitioners (who will not pay the Asylum Program Fee) and for small employer petitioners with 25 or fewer full-time equivalent employees (who will pay half-price, or $300).

In addition, for the Form I-129 fee and the Form I-129CW fee, nonprofits and small employers will pay a discounted fee of up to 50% off. We continue to emphasize that Congress could reduce the burden on our fee-paying customers by fully funding our humanitarian mission, as it does for other agencies.

Q. Why does the final rule increase the H-1B registration fee? A. In 2019, a different rule (PDF)  established a $10 registration fee per beneficiary for H-1B registrations. The $10 registration fee is separate from and in addition to the H-1B petition filing fee for Form I-129. We require the registration fee regardless of whether the prospective petitioner’s registration is selected. At that time, we did not have sufficient data to precisely estimate the costs of the registration process and implemented the $10 fee to provide an initial stream of revenue to fund part of the costs to USCIS for operating the registration program.

The proposed $215 H-1B registration fee is based on empirical cost estimates, as anticipated in the implementing regulation. See 88 FR 402, 500-501 (Jan. 4, 2023). Based on the results of the fiscal year 2022/2023 fee review, DHS based the fee on the activity costs for informing the public and management and oversight. DHS also recognizes the burden saved for H-1B filers through this registration system.

Q. Why does the final rule increase EB-5 program fees? A. The final rule increases EB-5 program fees consistent with the fees for other benefit requests. As explained in the final rule, the fee amounts indicated by the full cost recovery model for the immigrant investor forms are not capped or decreased below the estimated full cost recovery as with some other forms, and DHS believes that the requirements for financial wherewithal in the program are inconsistent with shifting the costs of the EB-5 program to be funded by the fees paid for other requests.

DHS has begun the fee study required by the EB-5 Reform and Integrity Act of 2022 to meet the additional fee guidelines and processing time requirements. The law requires DHS to set fees for EB-5 program-related immigration benefit requests at a level sufficient to recover the costs of providing such services and completing the adjudications within certain time frames.

Q. How does the final fee rule affect USCIS forms? A. Please see the fee schedule table above to view a full list of the revised forms that will go into effect on April 1, 2024, along with the new fees. We will accept prior editions of most forms during a grace period from April 1, 2024, through June 3, 2024. During this grace period, we will accept both previous and new editions of certain forms, filed with the correct fee.

There will be no grace period for the following new forms, however, because they must be revised with a new fee calculation. Filers should click the links below to access a preview version of each new form edition prior to the April 1, 2024, effective date:

  • Form I-129, Petition for a Nonimmigrant Worker ;
  • Form I-129CW, Petition for a CNMI-Only Nonimmigrant Transitional Worker ;
  • Form I-140, Immigrant Petition for Alien Workers;
  • Form I-600A, Application for Advance Processing of an Orphan Petition (and Form I-600A/I-600 Supplements 1, 2, and 3); and
  • Form I-600, Petition to Classify Orphan as an Immediate Relative

We will use the postmark date of a filing to determine which form version and fees are correct but will use the received date for purposes of any regulatory or statutory filing deadlines.

The fee rule edition of  Form N-400, Application for Naturalization , will incorporate a request for a reduced fee, eliminating the need to submit Form I-942, Request for Reduced Fee. If you are requesting a reduced fee using the new edition of the form, do not submit Form I-942. If you apply during the grace period and use the prior edition of Form N-400 and you wish to request a reduced fee, you will need to submit Form I-942.

Q.  Why does the final rule state that USCIS may require that certain fees be paid using a certain payment method or that certain fees cannot be paid using a particular method? A. This change will allow us to reduce administrative burdens and processing errors associated with certain fee payments. Lockboxes, which specialize in intaking and depositing multiple payment types, currently receive about 53% of all USCIS filings. However, the requirements and circumstances for some filing requests do not allow lockbox submission and intake, and such requests must be filed at a particular office or in person. Various offices, such as field offices, embassies, and consulates, are limited in the method of payment that they can receive or process. Additionally, certain payment methods, such as checks or cash, require time-intensive procedures for cashiers and their supervisors to input, reconcile, and verify their daily receipts and deposits. Generally, federal agency offices must deposit money that they receive on the same day that it is received. There are additional requirements and guidance for timely record keeping and redundancy in personnel that similarly increase workload and processing costs. The time that we currently comply with certain payment processing requirements could be used to adjudicate cases.

Q. Why does the final rule prohibit filers from getting their fees back by filing a dispute of their USCIS fee charges with their credit card company? A. The increased acceptance of credit card payments for USCIS fees has resulted in a sizeable increase in the number of disputes filed with credit card companies challenging USCIS’ retention of the fee. Disputes are generally filed when the fee is due, but we denied the filer’s request, they have changed their mind about the request, or they assert that the service was not provided or was unreasonably delayed. Because credit card companies usually withdraw the fee in the case of disputes, abuse of the credit card dispute process could have negative fiscal effects on USCIS. Furthermore, though fees are generally nonrefundable, we have a process where a filer may request a fee refund in the very uncommon instance of a fee being paid or collected erroneously. Therefore, the final rule provides that fees paid to USCIS by credit card are not subject to a chargeback by the issuing financial institution and reinforces that credit card disputes cannot be used to circumvent the requirement to pay the correct fee for a benefit request.

Q. Does the final rule consider USCIS’ expansion of premium processing services? A. With this final rule, DHS has transferred $129.8 million in costs to premium processing to account for future premium processing revenue projections. This comes after gathering additional information since the proposed rule and the Dec. 28, 2023, Adjustment to Premium Processing Fees final rule (88 FR 89539).

Q. What happened to the 2020 fee rule? A. On Aug. 3, 2020, DHS published the 2020 final fee rule, with an effective date of Oct. 2, 2020, to adjust the USCIS fee schedule and make changes to certain other immigration benefit request requirements. On Sept. 29, 2020, the United States District Court for the Northern District of California granted a motion for a preliminary injunction of the 2020 fee rule in its entirety and stayed the final rule’s effective date. On Oct. 8, 2020, the United States District Court for the District of Columbia also granted a motion for a preliminary injunction and stay of the effective date of the final rule.

DHS subsequently issued a notification on Jan. 29, 2021, to inform the public of the two preliminary injunctions. DHS continues to comply with the terms of those orders and is not enforcing the regulatory changes set out in the 2020 fee rule. We continue to accept the fees that were in place before Oct. 2, 2020, and to follow the guidance in place before Oct. 25, 2019, to adjudicate fee waiver requests.

Mark Zuckerberg apologizes to parents at online child safety hearing

Meta CEO Mark Zuckerberg apologized Wednesday to parents in the audience of a Senate online child safety hearing who say Instagram contributed to their children's suicides or exploitation.

"I’m sorry for everything you’ve all gone through," Zuckerberg said after Sen. Josh Hawley, R-Mo., pressed him about whether he would apologize to the parents directly. "It’s terrible. No one should have to go through the things that your families have suffered."

Lawmakers grilled Zuckerberg and the CEOs of TikTok, Discord, X and Snap at a Senate Judiciary Committee hearing called “Big Tech and the Online Child Sexual Exploitation Crisis.” 

Parents held up photos of their children as senators questioned the CEOs. Many also wore blue ribbons that read "STOP Online Harms! Pass KOSA!” referring to the Kids Online Safety Act, which would create a duty of care for social media companies.

Some of the parents audibly hissed when Zuckerberg entered the hearing room Wednesday. He has faced intense scrutiny and criticism over the years around child safety issues on Meta's platforms.

Zuckerberg’s words to the parents at the hearing were not into the microphone, but they were audible on a livestream.

After he apologized, Zuckerberg told parents that "this is why we invest so much and are going to continue doing industry-leading efforts to make sure that no one has to go through the types of things that your families have had to suffer.”

Zuckerberg faced perhaps the toughest line of questioning at the hearing, with senators pressing him about nonconsensual sexually explicit images of children on Instagram, drug deaths linked to his social media platforms and an array of other issues.

Meta faces a feder a l la wsuit from dozens of states alleging that Facebook and Instagram intentionally created "psychologically manipulative" features to keep kids addicted and that it hid internal data that would reveal the platforms' harms to young users.

Questioning Zuckerberg, Sen. Richard Blumenthal, D-Conn., referred to a series of emails Zuckerberg allegedly received from Meta’s global affairs director, Nick Clegg.

In one email, Clegg wrote, “We are not on track to succeed for our core well-being topics: problematic use, bullying and harassment connections and SSI,” which stands for “suicidal self-injury.”

Clegg, a former deputy prime minister of the United Kingdom, wrote in a subsequent email that Meta’s ability to ensure safety on its platforms was being hampered by a lack of investment in the efforts.

“Nick Clegg was asking you, pleading with you, for resources to back up the narrative to fulfill the commitments,” Blumenthal said. Zuckerberg was not given time to reply.

Soon after, Hawley also pointed to a Wall Street Journal investigation in 2021 that reported that some Meta internal documents showed the company knew Instagram had negative mental health effects on teenagers. Zuckerberg disputed Hawley’s referring to those details as “facts” and claimed he was cherry-picking the research.

And in answering a question directed at all the social media executives testifying, Zuckerberg told senators that Meta has 40,000 people working in its trust and safety division.

Sen. Peter Welch, D-Vt., later questioned the CEOs about a wave of layoffs last year that struck employees in their respective trust and safety departments. Zuckerberg responded that Meta's layoffs were "across the board" and were "not really focused on that area."

Sen. Thom Tillis, R-N.C., also pressed the CEOs about their commitments to safety, striking some balance between their humanity and the companies they oversee.

“At the end of the day, I find it hard to believe that any of you people started this business, some of you in your college dorm rooms, for the purposes of creating the evil that is being perpetrated on your platforms,” he said. “But I hope that every single waking hour, you’re doing everything you can to reduce it.”

tourism one mark questions

Angela Yang is a culture and trends reporter for NBC News.

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    Form I-131, Application for Travel Document, for persons admitted or paroled as refugees, including LPRs who obtained such status as refugees in the United State; and Current and former U.S. armed forces service members, including people who served honorably on active duty in the U.S. armed forces, including Forms I-765, I-485, I-360, and Form ...

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