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Life Aboard the Longest Train Ride Through India

Beneath the relentless churn of steel, wood, and dust, the Indian railway is made entirely of stories.

Beneath the relentless churn of steel, wood, and dust, the Indian railway is made entirely of stories. For more than a century, it has witnessed the infinite expression of the human condition, borne the incalculable weight of separations, and gently rocked the world-weary into oblivion.

“It’s fresh and beautiful and repulsive at the same time,” says National Geographic photographer Matthieu Paley , who spent five days and four nights aboard the Vivek Express documenting its ever-unfolding story. Starting at the southernmost tip of India , the route stretches 2,637 miles northward from Kanniyakumari to Dibrugarh under the heavy gaze of the equatorial sun. It is the longest train ride in the Indian subcontinent.

passengers on the Vivek Train traveling across India

“People want time,” Paley says. “We live in a world that wants to compress time and make things faster and faster, and I love the train because it’s an environment where you have to slow down.”

a map of India

The Dibrugarh-Kanniyakumari Vivek Express stops 58 times on its long journey.

The “slow travel” movement can be traced back to the 19th-century Industrial Revolution, an epoch defined by unprecedented acceleration, the omnipresence of technology, and commodification of time. The Romantics warned this modern fixation on speed was a self-made “ iron cage ” that would lead to alienation, loss of meaning, and an unwillingness towards self-reflection. The remedy, they proposed, was deceleration.

“My favorite kind of photography happens when I slow down; but these days it’s not easy,” Paley says. “On trains, I am held hostage, disconnected, suspended in time. It forces me to slow down. This is what I crave: Give me a long, slow ride and I am happy.”

The experience of time, however, hinges entirely upon our continuously evolving perceptions of speed. While rail travel may be slow by contemporary standards, when India’s first train traversed 21 miles from Bombay to Thana in April 1853, it was a triumph of engineering and criticized for the same reasons set forth by the Romantics.

Over the next century and a half, the railway not only drastically altered Indian culture, but restructured time and space itself.

a merchant on the Vivek Train traveling across India

On trains, I am held hostage, disconnected, suspended in time. Matthieu Paley

Considered both a transformative technology and a symbol of British imperial oppression, the railway erased once-formidable distances, generated trade and intellectual exchange, and made travel accessible to the masses. Simultaneously, however, it fostered environments that bred infectious disease, created exploitative labor conditions, and irrevocably altered the natural landscape.

British colonists viewed the train as a harbinger of progress—a tool to abolish the caste system and forge a capitalist society. Instead, it evolved into a space that was invariably Indian: beauty and chaos in tandem.

“The Indian subcontinent can be a disturbing place,” Paley says. “There is a certain lightness of being, but it’s hard to spot at first, hidden under all the noise and ongoing colorful madness. That’s what I love about this part of the world—you can just engage with your surroundings without sounding weird.”

This unflinching engagement is fundamental to slow travel, which places value on quality of interactions with local cultures over the rapid acquisition of passport stamps. This ideal hearkens back to the Romantic belief that preoccupation with the future corrupts the present journey.

passengers on the Vivek Train traveling across India

Scientists agree that industrialized societies are experiencing a paradoxical “ time famine ”—the persistent feeling that we have too much to do, and not enough time to accomplish it—and that this interferes with our ability to savor immaterial experiences. We’re doing everything faster, but we don’t feel like we have more free time.

As India hurtles ceaselessly into the future, it’s unclear what the next generation of train travel will look like. With the support of a 12-billion-dollar loan from Japan, the government is currently developing a high speed bullet train that will connect the cities of Mumbai and Ahmedabad. "This enterprise will launch a revolution in Indian railways and speed up India's journey into the future,” according to Prime Minster Narendra Modi. “It will become an engine of economic transformation.”

the Vivek Train traveling across India

In West Bengal, a man bathes in a river near his home. Paley also had time to wash his own shirt before the train departed again.

This is, perhaps, the duality of modernization—it has the potential to drastically improve lives while simultaneously engendering spiritual atrophy.

Henry David Thoreau prescribed “a tonic of wildness” to escape the voracious pace of urbanization. But in a country of 1.3 billion, wildness is a state of mind—a willingness to confront life in all its messy iterations. With more than 22 million daily passengers, 1.3 million employees, and 41,000 miles of tracks, the Indian railway teems with life.

“We are a collective mass moving along in rhythm, shaking, ever-evolving,” Paley says. “If you pay attention, you can engage with the pure joy of traveling. For me, it is the feeling of being united with all our differences.”

If you pay attention, you can engage with the pure joy of traveling. For me, it is the feeling of being united with all our differences. Matthieu Paley

Matthieu Paley's work has been featured in National Geographic magazine and news . See photos from his journey through China by train and follow him on Instagram @paleyphoto .

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Watch CBS News

Runaway train speeds 43 miles down tracks in India without a driver

By Arshad R. Zargar

February 26, 2024 / 9:11 AM EST / CBS News

New Delhi — Social media channels lit up Monday as gobsmacked Indians shared a video showing a driverless train zooming past several stations at high speed. It was no cutting-edge robotic public transport innovation, however — but a fully loaded freight train that was apparently left unattended, on a slope, by an engineer who forgot to pull the emergency brake.

Indian Railways, the national rail operator, ordered an investigation Monday into what could have been a major disaster in a country where train tracks often bisect busy neighborhoods and collisions are common.

"We have ordered an inquiry," Deepak Kumar, a Northern Railways spokesperson, told the French news agency AFP, adding that no one had been hurt in the incident.

The 53-carriage freight train loaded with gravel was on its way from Jammu in northern India to Punjab on Sunday morning when it stopped in Kathua for a crew change. Indian media reports say the driver and his assistant got off without applying the skid brakes.

india-runaway-train-2024.jpg

It soon started rolling down the tracks, which are on a gradient, before eventually barreling down the line at 53 miles per hour, racing through several stations and covering 43 miles in total before it was brought to a halt.

Videos shared on social media showed the train zooming through stations at high speed.

Officials had closed off railway crossings on the train's path to avoid accidents.

Wooden blocks were then placed on the tracks to reduce the speed of the train and, eventually, they brought it to a stop.

This is the second such incident in India. In 2018,  about 1,000 passengers had a narrow escape  when their train, running from the western state of Gujarat to Odisha in the east, rolled about 7 miles without a driver. The cause of that incident was the same: The driver had forgotten to apply skid brakes at a station when the engine was being changed.

In June 2023,  nearly 300 people were killed  in a train collision in eastern India caused by a signal system error. In 2016, 152 people were killed when a passenger train derailed in the central state of Uttar Pradesh.

The country's worst train disaster, which killed more than 800 people in 1981, was when a passenger train derailed and tumbled into a river in the eastern state of Bihar during a cyclone.

India has one of the largest railway networks in the world, and an estimated 13 million people travel on trains every day. But significant investment in recent years aimed at modernizing the network, a significant proportion of the country's rail infrastructure is still outdated.

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India's longest non-stop train route loses record

For the first time, the 528km rajdhani express from vadodara to kota will pull into ratlam station.

Rajdhani Express's service between New Delhi and Kota is now India's longest non-stop train route

Rajdhani Express's service between New Delhi and Kota is now India's longest non-stop train route

Panna Munyal author image

Spanning a distance of 528km, the Vadodara to Kota route covered by the Thiruvananthapuram Rajdhani Express in six hours and 45 minutes is the longest non-stop train ride in India – until today.

For the first time on Saturday, the train – that starts in New Delhi and goes all the way to Kerala's capital – will stop at Ratlam, which is 258km from Vadodara, Gujarat.

As a result, the record will pass to the Mumbai-New Delhi Rajdhani Express, which goes non-stop for 465km between New Delhi and Kota, taking 5 hours and 10 minutes.

Indian media outlet OnManorama reports the stop is aimed at benefiting passengers from Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and those travelling between Ratlam and New Delhi.

Track record

The Canadian goes from Toronto to Vancouver – a distance of 4,466km – in four days. Getty Images / iStockphoto

According to Guinness World Records, the longest non-stop train journey covered 1,421km from London to Cannes in May 2006. The Eurostar train was a special service to promote Tom Hanks's blockbuster The Da Vinci Code.

The longest train journey, meanwhile, covers 9,290km. The Trans-Siberian passes through 87 cities and 876 stations on its seven-day journey. It also hits two continents and eight time zones.

With all Trans-Siberian departures halted owing to the Russia-Ukraine war, The Canadian can be credited with making the longest train journey, going from Toronto to Vancouver – over a distance of 4,466km – in four nights.

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Travel updates and inspiration from the past week

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India: Runaway train 'travels 40 miles without a driver'

Videos shared on social media showed the 53-wagon goods train, which was carrying chip stones, zooming past several stations at high speed after leaving Kathua.

Monday 26 February 2024 09:18, UK

Please use Chrome browser for a more accessible video player

riverless train spotted travelling at 100km per hour in Punjab, India - sparking fears of an accident

An investigation has been launched in India after a driverless goods train travelled more than 43 miles (70km) at high speeds before coming to a stop, reports have said.

No one was injured and a potentially major accident was averted after officials helped reduce the speed of the train by placing wooden blocks on the track in front of it, officials said.

The 53-wagon train was on its way to Punjab from Jammu in northwestern India on Sunday morning, when it stopped in Kathua to change crew, the BBC said.

When the driver and his assistant left the train, the handbrake wasn't applied, and the train ran away down the sloping track, according to NDTV.

It reached an estimated speed of nearly 62mph (100kph) as it moved through about five stations before it was stopped.

Videos shared on social media showed the train, which was carrying chip stones, zooming past several stations at high speed.

Local officials told the Press Trust of India (PTI): "The train was stopped after a railway official placed wood blocks on the tracks to stop the train."

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The train came to a stop in the village of Uchi Bassi, NDTV said.

"No casualty was reported in the incident," NDTV said, quoting officials.

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The incident took place between 7.25am and 9am local time, the Press Trust of India, quoting officials, said.

Railway crossings along its path were shut as a safety precaution once the alarm was raised.

Officials are investigating what happened to make sure there is no repeat, the PTI said.

"The exact reason of the incident is yet to be ascertained," NDTV said, quoting officials.

In June, more than 280 people died in a train crash in the Balasore district of Odisha, near the Bay of Bengal.

India's worst rail accident was in 1981, when at least 800 people died after seven coaches of an overcrowded passenger train blew off the track and into a river during a cyclone near the Nepal border.

Run by state monopoly Indian Railways, the network is the fourth largest in the world and transports 13 million people every day as well as moving 1.5bn tonnes of freight annually along more than 40,000 miles (64,000km) of tracks.

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Top 10 Longest Railway Routes of India: List of long journey trains you board and alight without a change

Kirti Pandey

The beauty of train journeys lies in the languid routes and room to move about within the coach. But changing trains can be tedious. Here are 10 longest-routes on Indian Railways that offer you happy trips.

Indian Railways: The romance of long-distance train travel

Key Highlights

  • Slowly, as train services begin, people have begun planning travel although with precautions.
  • The romance of a journey on the Indian Railways is inexplicable. From deserts, sea shores, plains, jungles, mountains and valleys - it takes one through varied landscapes.
  • Here is a list of 10 of the longest train journeys you can undertake and not bother about alighting for a train change any place from start to finish.

Indian Railways (IR) are known to be one of the largest rail networks in the world. So much so that it has two UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

IR boasts of over 115,000 km of rail track over a route of 65,000 km and 7,500 stations on which 12,617 passenger trains and 7421 freight trains ply daily.

And if you check the list of 10 of the world’s longest rail routes where you can board a train and alight only at the destination without a change, India’s Vivek Express makes it to the list.

Indian Railway offers journeys on some extraordinarily long routes that span the length and breadth of India. Here is the list of longest train journeys in India one can make in a single train.

Vivek Express Dibrugarh to Kanyakumari Route Map

  • Ten Jammu Express - Tirunelveli Jammu:  The Ten Jammu Express runs between Tirunelveli, deep south in Tamil Nadu, and goes right up to Katra in Jammu & Kashmir covering a distance of some 3,631 kilometres. Of the 523 stations en route, it stops at 62 stations and has a running time of about 71 hours and 20 minutes. The train goes through 11 states and runs once a week. The weekly express train runs between Jammu Tawi and Mangalore Central. The train covers a distance of 3607 km and takes 68 hrs to reach its destination. It passes through twelve states and stops at 61 stations, including Calicut, Coimbatore Junction, Vijayawada, Bhopal Junction, Jhansi Junction, Gwalior, Agra and New Delhi.
  • Navyug Express - Mangalore to Jammu:  The weekly express train runs between Jammu Tawi and Mangalore Central. The train covers a distance of 3607 km and takes 68 hrs to reach its destination. It passes through twelve states and stops at 61 stations, including Calicut, Coimbatore Junction, Vijayawada, Bhopal Junction, Jhansi Junction, Gwalior, Agra and New Delhi.
  • Guwahati Express - Thiruvananthapuram to Guwahati:  The Guwahati Express leaves Thiruvananthapuram, the capital of Kerala, and traverses the breadth of the country to reach Guwahati, the capital of Assam in the far east. The train covers a distance of 3553 km and takes 65 hours to reach its destination. It passes through 48 stations. Like most other long-distance trains this express is also scheduled to run once a week and travels through seven states.
  • Dibrugarh Express - Yeshwantpur (Bengaluru) to Dibrugarh:  Though this train is named Dibrugarh Express, it starts off at New Tinsukia, about 15 kilometres away from Dibrugarh city in Assam. The train covers a distance of 3547 km and takes 68 hours to reach its destination. Some of the important cities that this train goes through, include Dimapur, Guwahati, Kolkata, Bhubaneswar, Visakhapatnam, Vijayawada, and Bengaluru covering about seven states and 35 halts in all.
  • Raptisagar Express - Eranakulam (Kochi) to Barauni:  The Raptisagar Express runs between Ernakulam Junction in Kerala to Barauni in Begusarai district of Bihar. The train covers a distance of 3438 km and takes 62 hrs to reach its destination. It passes through eight states and stops at 60 stations.
  • Kerala Sampark Kranti Express - Chandigarh to Kochuveli:  Kerala Sampark Kranti Express is a train that runs between Kochuveli Railway Station in Thiruvananthapuram, the capital city of the state of Kerala and Chandigarh in Punjab. The train covers a distance of 3398 km and takes 54 hr 25 minutes to reach its destination. It passes through nine states and stops at 22 stations.
  • Amritsar Kochuveli Express - Amritsar to Kochuveli:  The Amritsar Kochuveli Express leaves the northwestern frontier of the country and traverses seven states to make it to the southern end of the country. The train covers a distance of 3295 km and takes 57 hours and 20 minutes and 24 halts.

longest travel time train in india

longest travel time train in india

Top 10 Longest Train Routes in India

India has earned accolades for its extensive railway network. Countless trains run across lengths and breadths of the country. Some of the trains have the longest routes and offers world-class passenger service.

Here is a list of the top 10 longest train journeys in India .

1. Vivek Express

Vivek Express (Kanyakumari - Dibrugarh)

Route : Kanyakumari - Dibrugarh

Distance : 4234 Kms

Hours : 79 Hrs

Run and managed by the Indian Railway , Vivek Express is a weekly train that runs between prominent destinations in our country. The train connecting Kanyakumari and Dibrugarh is reputed as the longest train journey in India . The total distance covered is 4234 kilometres and takes around 79 hours to complete it. This express train passes through 8 Indian states with 57 stop points before reaching the final destination . Dibrugarh – Kanyakumari Vivek Express comes with Sleeper Class, AC 2 tier and 3 tier coaches as well as second sitting coaches.

Also Read : Top 15 Best Countries To Explore By Rail

Suggested Tour: 4 Days - Madurai Rameshwaram Kanyakumari Temple Tour

2. Aronai Superfast Express

2. Aronai Superfast Express (Thiruvananthapuram Central - Silchar)

Route : Thiruvananthapuram Central - Silchar

Distance : 3931 Kms

Hours : 74 Hrs

Aronai Superfast Express is one of the most popular trains that operate between Thiruvananthapuram Central and Silchar. This train is usually on time and covers a total distance of 3931 kilometres in 74 hours . Aronai Express runs on Tuesday and stops 57 times during the journey . The train boasts of 23 coaches including AC 2 tier, AC 3 tier, Sleeper Class and Second Seating coaches. It also offers pantry facilities to the passengers.

Also Read : Tejas Express Lucknow to Delhi Train – A Complete Guide

Must Read: Best Time To Visit Trivandrum

Suggested Tour: 6 Days - Kerala Beaches Tour

3. Thiruvananthapuram - Silchar Superfast Express

Thiruvananthapuram - Silchar Superfast Express (Thiruvananthapuram Central - Silchar)

Distance : 3932 Km

Thiruvananthapuram Central – Silchar Express Train is often regarded as the longest-running superfast trains in the Indian subcontinent. Originally, it used to run between the regions of Thiruvananthapuram Central and Guwahati. But later in the year 2017, the route was extended to Silchar. The superfast train is managed by the Indian Railway and traverses 8 states covering a distance of 3932 kilometres in 74 hours. It runs weekly and features AC 2 tier, AC 3 tier, Sleeper Class and general coaches.

Also Read : 20 Reasons Why Trains are better than Planes

Suggested Tour: 7 Days - North East India Wildlife Tour

4. Himsagar Express

Himsagar Express (Kanyakumari - Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Katra)

Route : Kanyakumari - Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Katra

Distance : 3789 Kms

One of the most prominent trains, Himsagar Express runs between Kanyakumari and Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Katra . This is one of the longest routes in our country and covers an estimated distance of 3789 kilometres. Himsagar Express runs weekly and passes through 12 states with 73 stopping points. There are a total of 19 coaches including Second AC, Third AC, Sleeper Class and Unreserved Coaches. The train also has a pantry car for the convenience of its passengers.

Must Read : 20 Best Train Journeys in India

Also Read: 10 Best Honeymoon Places in Tamil Nadu

5. Navyug Express

Navyug Express (Mangalore Central - Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Katra)

Route : Mangalore Central - Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Katra

Distance : 3685 Kms

Hours : 68 Hrs

Navyug Express is another weekly train that operates between Mangalore Central and Katra. It started in the year 2015 and is managed by the Indian Railway. This train is known for covering the fifth-longest route in our country. Navyug Express runs for a total distance of 3685 kilometres and takes around 68 hours to complete the journey. The train passes through most of the Indian states namely Karnataka , Pondicherry, Andhra Pradesh , Telangana, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra , Haryana, Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir .  The train stops at 61 stations and comprises of AC 2 tier, AC 3 tier and Sleeper Class coaches.

Also Read: Pondicherry – A Little France in India

Suggested Tour: 15 Days - Mumbai with Rajasthan Tour

6. Yesvantpur Kamakhya AC SF Express

Yesvantpur – Kamakhya AC SF Express

Route : Yesvantpur - Kamakhya

Distance : 3025 Kms

Hours : 52.5 Hrs

Yesvantpur Kamakhya AC SF Express operates between Yesvantpur Junction and Kamakhya. This is a superfast train managed by the North East Frontier Railway Zone. The train traverses the Indian states of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu , Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Bihar, West Bengal and Assam. The total distance covered is 3025 kilometres within a stipulated time of 52.5 hours. The average train speed is more than 55 km/hr. Hence the fare includes a surcharge. This is as per the rules of the Indian Railway. Yesvantpur – Kamakhya AC SF Express comprises of a pantry car, AC 2 tier, AC 3 tier and AC First Class coaches.

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7. New Tinsukia - Bengaluru Weekly Express

New Tinsukia - Bengaluru Weekly Express (Bangalore City - New Tinsukia)

Route : Bangalore City - New Tinsukia

Distance : 3590 Kms

Hours : 65 Hrs

As the name suggests, New Tinsukia - Bengaluru Weekly Express is a weekly train that links Tinsukia in Assam to Bengaluru in Karnataka. This train started its operation in 2010 and is functional even today. It runs for a total distance of 3590 kilometres in an average span of 65 hours . On the way, the train stops at 36 major railway station across notable destinations. New Tinsukia - Bengaluru Weekly Express features AC 2 tier, AC 3 tier and Sleeper Class coaches that need to be reserved in advance.

If you want to take the luxury tour like Golden Chariot train which offers universe-class amenities on board the train.

Read More: Top 5 Hidden Photography Locations In Bangalore’s Backyards

Suggested Packages :  20 Days – South India Kerala Tour

8. Kochuveli - Amritsar Weekly Express

Kochuveli - Amritsar Superfast Express (Kochuveli - Amritsar Junction)

Route : Kochuveli - Amritsar Junction

Distance : 3597 Kms

Hours : 58 Hrs

Kochuveli - Amritsar Superfast Express connects Kochuveli in the south and Amritsar Junction in the north. It is a superfast train that runs weekly. The total distance covered by Kochuveli - Amritsar Superfast Express is 3597 kilometres in 58 hours . This train includes Sleeper Class, AC 2 tier, AC 3 tier, Sleeper Class and General Coaches. During the journey, it stops at 25 important stations across the country.

Suggested Read: Golden Temple Amritsar- The Most Visited Place in the World

9. Humsafar Express

Humsafar Express (Agartala - Bangalore Cantonment)

Route : Agartala - Bangalore Cantonment

Distance : 3599 Kms

Hours : 65.5 Hrs

Humsafar Express is one of the newest additions in the Indian Railways that started its operation on December 2018. The train connecting Agartala and Bangalore Cantonment is regarded as one of the longest routes in our country. It is a 3 tier AC train equipped with modern amenities including onboard catering, reading lights and mobile sockets and smoke alarms. There are 18 coaches along with 1 pantry car. The Humsafar Express covers a total distance of 3599 kilometres in 65.5 hours and halts at 28 major stations.

Also Read : 15 Most Expensive Trains in the World

Tour Package: 1 Day - Rich Culture of Bangalore Day Tour

10. Kochuveli Dehradun Superfast Express

Kochuveli Dehradun Superfast Express

Route : Kochuveli - Dehradun

Distance : 3459 Kms

Kochuveli Dehradun Superfast Express is managed by the Southern Railway Zone and connects Kochuveli in Thiruvananthapuram and Dehradun in the Garhwal region. The train runs across 9 Indian states including Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Delhi , Rajasthan , Kerala , Goa , Karnataka and Gujarat. Kochuveli Dehradun Superfast runs a total distance of 3459 kilometres at an average speed of 60 km/hr. And again there is a superfast surcharge. Kochuveli Dehradun Superfast Express features AC 2 tier, AC 3 tier and Sleeper Class coaches.

Also Read : Why choosing a luxury train for traveling is the convenient one in India?

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Have you ever travelled by any of these trains? Share your experience with us in the comments.

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5 Longest Rail Routes in India

5 Longest Rail Routes in India

1. Dibrugarh - Kanyakumari Vivek Express

Dibrugarh - Kanyakumari Vivek Express

Vivek Express, named after the name of Saint Swami Vivekananda, is the longest running train across India in terms of time and distance.

2. Himsagar Express

Himsagar Express

Second longest Indian train in terms of distance and time. The weekly train links Kanyakumari to Jammu Tawi. The train covers a distance of 3715 km at an average speed of 53km/h. The train takes nearly 70 hours (3 days) to complete one way journey. It halts at 72 stations and transverses twelve states, including Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, MP, Rajasthan, UP, Delhi, Haryana and Punjab. The train starts every Friday from Kanyakumari at 14:05 hrs and reaches Jammu at 15:10 hrs on Monday. On return the train departs from Jammu on Monday at 23:45 hrs and arrives at Kanyakumari on Thursday at 22:45 hrs.

3. Navyug Express

Navyug Express

The weekly express train runs between Jammu Tawi and Mangalore Central. The train covers a distance of 3607 km and takes 68 hrs to reach its destination. It passes through twelve states and stops at 61 stations, including Calicut, Coimbatore Junction, Vijayawada, Bhopal Junction, Jhansi Junction, Gwalior, Agra and New Delhi.

4. Dibrugarh-Yesvantpur Express

Dibrugarh-Yesvantpur Express

The superfast train connects Yeswanthpur, Bangalore to Dibrugarh. The weekly train takes nearly 68 hrs to cover a distance of 3578 km. The train halts at 36 junctions before reaching its final destination.

5. TEN Jammu Express

TEN Jammu Express

The bi-weekly train is ranked as fifth longest running train in terms of distance and time. The train links Tirunelveli to Jammu Tawi. It reaches its final stoppage by covering a distance of 3561 km. The takes 70 hrs and stops at 62 stations to complete its journey.

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Longest Train Route in India List, Top-10 Longest Routes

The longest train route in India is from Kanyakumari to Dibrugarh, covered by Vivek Express. Check out the Longest Train Route in India List

Longest Train Route in India

Table of Contents

India’s expansive railway system intricately links cities, towns, and villages, facilitating the effortless travel of people across the nation. Renowned as one of the most extensive railway networks globally, India features numerous train routes covering substantial distances. These rail connections play a pivotal role in enabling individuals to embark on journeys, discover new destinations, and immerse themselves in the diverse and vibrant experiences that define India. This article will delve into the longest train routes in India.

Top-10 Longest Train Routes in India

India has received praise for having a robust rail system. Numerous trains travel the entire length and breadth of the nation. Some trains travel the largest distances and provide top-notch passenger services.

Longest Train Route in India: Vivek Express

The weekly Vivek Express train connects well-known cities in our nation and is operated and managed by the Indian Railway. The longest railway journey in India is said to be the one that runs between Kanyakumari and Dibrugarh. It takes roughly 79 hours to go the entire 4234 kilometre route. Before arriving at its destination, this express train stops at 57 locations across 8 Indian states. Sleeper Class, AC 2 and 3 tier coaches, as well as second seating coaches, are available on the Dibrugarh to Kanyakumari Vivek Express.

Aronai Superfast Express

One of the most well-liked trains that travel between Silchar and Thiruvananthapuram Central is the Aronai Superfast Express. This train travels 3931 kilometres in 74 hours and is typically on time. Aronai Express travels every Tuesday and makes 57 stops along the way. The train has 23 coaches, including sleeper class, third-tier AC, and second-seating coaches. Additionally, it provides the users with a pantry.

Thiruvananthapuram – Silchar Superfast Express

The Thiruvananthapuram Central – Silchar Express Train is sometimes cited as the Indian subcontinent’s longest-running superfast train. It was once only supposed to go between Thiruvananthapuram Central and Guwahati. But later in 2017, the route was extended to Silchar. The Indian Railway operates the quick train, which travels 3932 kilometres through 8 states in 74 hours. It runs on a weekly schedule and has general coaches, sleeper class, and AC 2 and AC 3 tiers.

Himsagar Express

The Himsagar Express, one of the most well-known trains, travels between Kanyakumari and Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Katra. This road, which is one of the longest in our nation, is thought to be 3789 kilometres long. The weekly Himsagar Express travels to 73 different locations while stopping in 12 different states. Including Second AC, Third AC, Sleeper Class, and Unreserved Coaches, there are a total of 19 coaches. In addition, the train contains a pantry car for the comfort of its passengers.

Navyug Express

Another weekly train that travels between Mangalore Central and Katra is the Navyug Express. The Indian Railway is in charge of it, and it began in 2015. The fifth-longest route in our nation is traversed by this train. Navyug Express travels a distance of 3685 kilometres in total, covering it in 68 hours or so. The majority of Indian states are traversed by the train, including Jammu & Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Haryana, Punjab, and Pondicherry. The train has AC 2 tier, AC 3 tier, and sleeper class carriages, and it stops at 61 stations.

Yesvantpur Kamakhya AC SF Express

Between Yesvantpur Junction and Kamakhya, there is a train called the Yesvantpur Kamakhya AC SF Express. The North East Frontier Railway Zone is in charge of running this extremely fast train. The train travels through the Indian states of Assam, Bihar, Odisha, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, and Karnataka. The overall distance travelled in the allotted 52.5 hours is 3025 kilometres. Over 55 km/hr is the average train speed. So, a premium is included in the fare. This complies with Indian Railway regulations. The Yesvantpur-Kamakhya AC SF Express has a pantry car, AC coaches on levels two and three, and AC first-class coaches.

New Tinsukia – Bengaluru Weekly Express

The New Tinsukia – Bengaluru Weekly Express, as its name suggests, runs once a week between Tinsukia, Assam, and Bengaluru, Karnataka. This train began running in 2010 and is still going strong. It travels 3590 kilometres in all in an average time of 65 hours. The train makes 36 significant stops along the route at well-known locations. The AC 2 tier, AC 3 tier, and Sleeper Class coaches of the New Tinsukia – Bengaluru Weekly Express must be reserved in advance.

Kochuveli – Amritsar Weekly Express

The Kochuveli-Amritsar Superfast Express connects Amritsar Junction in the north with Kochuveli in the south. It is a weekly train that goes quite quickly. The Kochuveli-Amritsar Superfast Express travels the 3597 km trip in 58 hours. This train has General Coaches, Sleeper Class, AC 2 tier, and AC 3 tier accommodations. It makes 25 significant stops along the way in different parts of the country.

Humsafar Express

One of the newest additions to the Indian Railways, the Humsafar Express, began service in December 2018. One of the longest routes in our nation is the train that runs between Agartala and Bangalore Cantonment. It is a three-tiered AC train with contemporary facilities like onboard dining, reading lamps, mobile outlets, and smoke detectors. There are 18 coaches and 1 pantry car in total. The Humsafar Express stops at 28 major stations along its 3599-kilometer route and travels that distance in 65.5 hours.

Kochuveli Dehradun Superfast Express

The Southern Railway Zone operates the Kochuveli Dehradun Superfast Express, which links Dehradun in the Garhwal area with Kochuveli in Thiruvananthapuram. In addition to Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Delhi, Rajasthan, Kerala, Goa, Karnataka, and Gujarat, the train travels through nine other Indian states as well. A total of 3459 kilometres are covered by Kochuveli Dehradun Superfast with an average speed of 60 kilometres per hour. There is a speedy surcharge once more. The AC 2 tier, AC 3 tier, and Sleeper Class coaches are available on the Kochuveli Dehradun Superfast Express.

Facts about Indian Railway for UPSC

  • The Fairy Queen is the world’s oldest continuously running steam engine. Between New Delhi to Alwar in Rajasthan, it operates.
  • The UNESCO has designated four Indian Railways locations as “World Heritage sites.” They are the Nilgiri Mountain, Mumbai CST, Kalka-Shimla, and Darjeeling-Himalayan Railways.
  • Toilets were first installed on Indian Railways in 1909, and the company was nationalised in 1951.
  • In New Delhi, Indian Railways introduced computerized reservations in 1986.
  • The largest rail network in Asia and the second-largest network in the world administered by a single administration is Indian Railways.
  • More than 7,421 cargo trains carrying 3 million tonnes of freight every day operate on the railway.
  • By transporting more than one billion tonnes of goods annually, Indian Railway has joined a small group of railroads that also includes those in China, Russia, and the USA.
  • The Acworth Committee reported in 1920–1921 that India’s railway funds were segregated from the general government finances in 1924.
  • The first live broadcast of the railroad budget occurred in 1994.
  • General Budget and Railway recently united.
  • In just 90 minutes, India’s fastest train successfully finished a trial run travelling at 160 km/h between Delhi and Agra.
  • In 2000, Mamata Banerjee became the country’s first female minister of transportation, and she holds the distinction of being the first woman to have presented the federal budget for transportation to two different governments (UPA and NDA).
  • The fastest train at the moment is the Gatimaan Express, which travels from New Delhi to Agra; the slowest train, the Mettupalayam-Ooty Nilgiri Passenger train, travels at an average speed of 10 kmph.
  • The largest Route Relay Interlocking System in the entire globe is located at the New Delhi Railway Station.
  • Indian Railways is the seventh-largest employer in the world, employing about 1.4 million people.
  • The newly reconstructed platform at Gorakhpur Railway Station in Uttar Pradesh has broken all previous records with a length of 1,366 metres.
  • Pir Panjal, which connects Jammu’s Banihal with Kashmir Valley, is the longest tunnel constructed by Indian Railways.
  • Odisha’s Ib station has the shortest name, whereas Venkatanarasimharajuvaripeta has the longest name.

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Longest Train Route in India List FAQs

Which is the second longest train route in india.

Aronai Superfast Express is the second longest train route in India.

Which is the longest nonstop train in India?

Trivandrum-Nizamuddin Rajdhani Express the longest nonstop train in India.

Which is the slowest train of India?

The longest route of a slow passenger train running in India is Tatanagar–Itwari Passenger (numbered 58111/58112) with a record distance of 887 km (551 mi) with an average speed of 35 km/h (22 mph).

Which railway station is cleanest in India?

Punjab (Beas) is cleanest Railway Station in India.

Which is busiest railway station in India?

Howrah Junction is busient Railway Station in India.

Which is longest platform in India?

The world's longest station platform is at Hubbali Junction in India at 1,400 metres (4,600 ft).

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Top 10 Longest Train Routes In India To Explore

Longest Train Routes

We all use trains for our local or interstate trips, and you will be surprised to know that India is ranked one among countries with more than 5 Billion passengers per km. With over 7,500 stations in the country, India is also one of the world’s largest rail networks. Talking about networks, you also need to know that among the top 10 longest train routes in the world, India has “Dibrugarh to Kanyakumari” as the ninth longest route in the world. It is also one of the longest train routes in India, and Vivek Express covers it.

Also read: 10 Cleanest Railway Stations in India 2020

Some of the trains cover the longest routes of India and are also known for their flawless services. You can travel from the topmost location of India (Jammu) to its very lower part (Kanyakumari). Indian railway is known for mass handling of such massive traffic daily. Just read the blog, and you will find more amazing and mind-boggling facts about Indian railways.

Table of Contents

List of 10 Longest Train Routes In India

1. vivek express (dibrugarh to kanyakumari).

Vivek Express is one of those trains covering the world’s ninth longest and India’s largest train route. The route is known for its total distance of around 4286 Km, which is included in 82 hours and 45 minutes. The train originates from Dibrugarh (Northern Assam) to Kanyakumari (Southern end of India).

One of the interesting facts of this train is that it was started on the 150th birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda. Also, the name of the train Vivek express is inspired by his name. Another thing is that the vivek express route is so long that it runs only once a week. The Kanyakumari Vivek express route covers around 8 states with over 56 scheduled stops.

2. Himsagar Express (Jammu Tawi to Kanyakumari)

Himsagar express follows the second largest train route in India, from Jammu Tawi to Kanyakumari. The train reaches one of the so-called highest railway routes in India, Katra. It covers the total distance of about 3797 Km within 72 hours. Now some of the facts about the train are that it stops at 73 stations of 12 states. This is amazing, covering such a long distance and at the average speed of 52km/hr.

The train is only surpassed by Vivek express, in terms of the distance and time. It is among very few trains that can take you to the Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Katra. Himsagar express is also a weekly train, and that’s obviously because of the distance it covers.

3. Ten Jammu Express (Tirunelveli to Jammu)

Ten Jammu Express also covers one of the longest routes of India Tirunelveli in Tamil Nadu to Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Katra temple in Jammu and Kashmir. It includes a total distance of around 3600 Km with a running time of around 71 hours. One of the interesting facts is the train runs at an average speed of 47km/hr and stops at 62 stations in the complete journey. The train has a sleeper and AC 2 class, and the best thing is that it runs twice a week.

You can get this train on Monday and Friday every week; it is one of the best trains to travel. You can check the official website for time, but it usually departs from Tirunelveli at 16:00:00 and reaches Jammu Tawi at 15:20:00.

4. Navyug Express (Mangalore to Jammu)

Navyug Express is also the fastest train in India, and it is also known as the fourth-longest train to cover a total distance of around 3600 km. The train runs at an average speed of around 51 km/hr and covers almost 12 states. With the halts of 61 stations in the complete journey, it takes around 68 hours and 20 minutes to cover the total distance. 

Some of the major names of its halt stations are Agra, Delhi, Gwalior, Jhansi, etc. The train also has the sleeper class, AC 2, and AC 3 class for more convenience. If you want to travel to Jammu, then this train can be your best choice.

Also check: 10 Longest Railway Bridges in India 2020

5. Guwahati Express (Thiruvananthapuram to Guwahati)

Covering a total distance of around 3550 Km, this train covers the fifth-longest train routes in India. The train runs at an average speed of about 55km/hr and completes its journey in a total of 65 hours. One of the bad things that all trains have is their scheduling of once in a week. This train also stops at 48 stations in its journey of around 7 states of the country. It originates from the capital city Thiruvananthapuram to another capital city Guwahati.

The train also has AC 2, AC 3, and sleeper class for the travelers. The day decided for this train is Sunday, it starts its journey on Sunday and completes it after 65 hours of continuous travel.

6. Dibrugarh Express (Yeshwantpur (Bengaluru) to Dibrugarh)

It is the sixth-largest route train of India, starting from Yeshwantpur to Dibrugarh. It covers an overall distance of 3547Km. The train covers some of the country’s major cities like Bengaluru, Dimapur, Vijayawada, Guwahati, Kolkata, etc. One of the main things is that it has only 35 halt stops in between. The time it takes to complete its journey is around 68 hours, in which it passes through almost 7 states of India.

The fun fact is that the train name is Dibrugarh express, but it originates from New Tinsukia, which is almost 15km from Dibrugarh. You can book tickets for any class like AC 2, sleeper and AC 3.

7. Raptisagar Express (Ernakulam (Kochi) to Barauni)

Raptisagar Express starts from the Ernakulam Junction in Kerala to the Barauni in Begusarai district of Bihar. This whole journey consists of almost 60 stations where it halts. The train runs at an average speed of around 55km/hr, and it can be said as the fastest train in India by average speed. It completes its journey in almost 62 hours that includes covering 8 states of India.

The train also runs every week, and it is always scheduled for Monday. Now one of the main things is the 60 halt stations; they are so many, but then also it completes its journey on time.

8. Kerala Sampark Kranti Express (Chandigarh to Kochuveli)

Another fastest train in India is Kerala Sampark Kranti Express; it has average speed of around 62km/hr. The best thing is that it has very few halt stations and all of them are big junctions. The train covers approximately 3398 km in just 54 hours and 25 minutes that include the crossing of about 9 states. If you are looking for something fast and time-saving, then this train is the best choice to go.

It also runs weekly, and you can avail tickets for all classes like the sleeper, AC 2, and AC 3.

9. Amritsar Kochuveli Express (Amritsar to Kochuveli)

Amritsar Kochuveli Express also runs on one of India’s longest train routes, starting from Amritsar to Kochuveli. The total distance the train covers is around 3295 Km, and the best thing is that it covers it in 57 hours and 20 minutes. The train runs at an average speed of about 60km/hr that gives it an edge of time-saving.

The train crosses almost 7 states of the country and stops at 24 stations in its complete journey. It is also a weekly running train with almost all class sleepers, general, AC 2, and AC 3.

10. Dehradun Kochuveli Superfast Express (Dehradun to Kochuveli)

This one is the last in the list, but not the least; it covers around 3154 Km of distance within 57 hours and 25 minutes. The complete journey consists of 24 halt stations and a crossing of about 9 states. One of the best things is the train speed; the average rate of the train is around 60 km/hr.

The train starts its journey from Uttarakhand (Dehradun) and reaches its final destination Kerala (Kochuveli). It is the tenth longest train route of India, and this is currently operated by southern railways.

So, this is the list we have for the 10 longest train routes in India. We provided all the detailed information which you may need for your next trip. One of the main things in the list is the Kanyakumari Vivek express route; it is not only India’s longest but also among the top 10 longest train routes in the world. In the list, we tried to include the top longest route, and if you think that we should add some more names or change some names then please comment down, we will surely appreciate your efforts.

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  • For all the train travel lovers: Longest Railways Routes in India

Traveling through a train is itself a different experience. The green meadows, mud huts, sugar mills, dense forests, paddy fields, large mountains, and an open sky provides a feeling of excitement, curiosity, and serenity in one’s heart. The train journey always brings a new and memorable experience to all. In this article, you are going to read about the top 10 longest train routes in India. So, if you love traveling by train, check out the EaseMyTrip website for  online train ticket booking , and gear up for the longest journey.

1. Vivek Express

longest travel time train in india

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This is the first train having the longest railways routes in India i.e. Dibrugarh to Kanyakumari Express. It operates every week. It covers around 4200 kms of distance in 80 hours with more than 50 stoppages.

2. Silchar Superfast Express

longest travel time train in india

This is a weekly train named Thiruvananthapuram – Silchar Superfast Express. Having 54 halts in between, this is the super fast train that covers a distance of about 76 hours and 35 minutes.

3. Himsagar Express

longest travel time train in india

This comes in the 3rd position in the longest train routes in India. This is also a weekly train that runs every Monday between Kanyakumari and Jammu & Kashmir. It travels across 12 states and stops at 71 stations on its route. It runs for 73 hours and 5 minutes and is famous among south people to reach Vaishno Devi.

4. Ten Jammu Express

longest travel time train in india

Ten Jammu Express has a same similar route to Himsagar Express i.e. Tirunelveli to Katra. It covers a distance of 3,631 kms and halts at 62 stations. The running time of this rain is about 71 hours and 20 minutes. This also runs a week and passes by 11 states.

5. Navyug Express

longest travel time train in india

Navyug Express train is also a weekly train that runs from Jammu Tawi to Mangalore Central. It covers a distance of 3,607 kms and takes 68 hours to reach its destination. Stops at 59 stations en route, Navyug Express passes through 15 states and offers 2AC, 3AC including sleeper class to passengers.

6. Amritsar Kochuveli Express

longest travel time train in india

Amritsar Kochuveli Express originates from the northwest direction and is destined to the southern side. This train covers around 3295 km distance and takes 57 hours and 20 minutes to complete the journey. Offering 2Ac, 3AC, and sleeper class, Amritsar Kochuveli Express halts 25 stations en route.

7. Dibrugarh Express

longest travel time train in india

Dibrugarh Express train starts from New Tinsukia and ends at its destination after covering a distance of 3547 kms. It takes 68 hours to cover its journey and halts at 35 stations en route. It passes through some of the important cities including Guwahati, Kolkata, Bengaluru, Vishakhapatnam, and Vijayawada.

8. Dehradun Kochuveli Superfast Express

longest travel time train in india

Halts at 25 stations, Dehradun Kochueli Superfast Express train covers a distance of about 3,459 kms. It passes through almost 9 states with a running time of around 61 hours and 15 minutes. It runs every Friday to its destination.

9. Kerala Sampark Kranti Express

longest travel time train in india

Kerala Sampark Kranti Express train runs between two states i.e. Thiruvananthapuram and Punjab. This train covers a distance of 3398 kms and takes around 54 hours and 25 minutes to complete its journey. It passes through 9 states and halts at 22 stations en route.

10. Raptisagar Express

longest travel time train in india

Raptisafar Express train has a running time of 62 hours that travel between Ernakulam Junction in Kerala to Barauni in Bihar. This is a weekly train that halts at 62 stations and offers 1 AC, 2AC, 3AC along with sleeper class to passengers.

Word of Caution To enjoy a hassle-free trip, don’t forget to check the pnr status of your train ticket. This in most cases helps avoid confusion with respect to your seat and helps in confirming your booking status. Happy Traveling.

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For the love of trains: longest train journey routes in India

TRAVEL TRENDS , INDIA Updated : Sep 20, 2019, 17:25 IST

longest travel time train in india

Indian Railways, with its vast network spread over 115,000 km, is one of the world’s largest rail networks. There are more than 20000 passenger trains and over 7000 freight trains running every day from 7349 stations. And these numbers are quite impressive and huge! To all the train lovers, here is a list of some of the longest route train journeys in India which you can plan next. Checkout the pictures here:

Vivek Express (Dibrugarh to Kanyakumari)

Topping the list is the Vivek Express that operates on a weekly basis from Dibrugarh to Kanyakumari. This weekly train, at present, is the longest train journey route in India and 24th in the world (in terms of distance and time). The chain of trains were started in the year 2013 to commemorate the 150th birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda. The one from Dibrugarh to Kanyakumari, covers a distance 4273 km in about 80 hours with more than 50 intermediate stoppages.

Distance covered: 4273 km

Thiruvananthapuram – Silchar Superfast Express

Thiruvananthapuram – Silchar Superfast Express is a weekly train, that was earlier known as Thiruvananthapuram Central – Guwahati Superfast Express. But on November 21, 2017, the train route was expanded, which then became Thiruvananthapuram – Silchar Superfast Express and also, the longest-running super-fast train. The train covers a distance of 3932 km in around 76 hours 35 minutes with 54 halts.

Distance Covered: 3932 km

Himsagar Express (Kanyakumari to Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Katra)

Himsagar Express running between Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Katra and Kanyakumari captures the third spot in the list. This weekly train traverses 12 Indian states, halts at 73 stations and covers the distance of 3785 km in about 73 hours. The train is preferred by devotees living down south wanting to visit the revered shrine of Mata Vaishno Devi in Katra, Jammu & Kashmir.

Distance covered: 3785 km

Navyug Express (Mangalore Central to Jammu Tawi)

Navyug Express from Mangalore Central to Jammu Tawi takes 4 days to reach the destination. During these days, the train halts at 59 stations and covers a distance of 3685 km. Navyug or the New-Era Express is a weekly train that passes through 15 Indian states, the only train in the country to do so.The prime purpose behind launching this train was to improve connectivity of Jammu & Kashmir with other Indian states.

Distance covered: 3685 km

Ten Jammu Express (Tirunelveli Tamil Nadu to Jammu)

Ten Jammu Express runs twice a week from Tirunelveli (Tamil Nadu) to reach Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Katra (Jammu & Kashmir). The train covers a distance of around 3642 km and has 62 official stoppages en route. To cover the distance, the train takes around 69 hours, during which it passes through 11 states.

Distance Covered: 3642 km

Amritsar Kochuveli Express (Amritsar to Kochuveli Thiruvananthapuram)

Home to one of the prime religious centres, the Golden Temple, Amritsar receives lakhs of visitors from across the globe and country, every year. Amritsar Kochuveli Express, a weekly train available every Sunday, travels through seven states and takes nearly 57 hours to cover a distance of 3597 km. On its route, the train stops at only 25 stations. The train is a favourite among people living in the southern tip of the country wishing to explore the beautiful Golden Temple.

Distance Covered: 3597 km

Humsafar Express (Agartala to Bengaluru Cantonment

The other train that finds its mention on this list is Humsafar Express running between Agartala and Bengaluru Cantonment. The train covers a distance of 3570 km in 64 hours and 15 minutes. In between, it halts at only 28 stations. Humsafar Express leaves from Agartala to Bengaluru Cantonment twice a week, on every Tuesday and Saturday.

Distance Covered: 3570 km

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For the love of trains: longest train journey routes in India

Indian Railways, with its vast network spread over 115,000 km, is one of the world’s largest rail networks. There are more than 20000 passenger trains and over 7000 freight trains running every day fr...

longest travel time train in india

longest travel time train in india

I traveled in Vivek Express - India's longest train journey 

Photo of Dolesh Agrawal

Vivek Express - India's longest train journey

Photo of I traveled in Vivek Express - India's longest train journey by Dolesh Agrawal

I traveled in 15906 Vivek Express which is the India's longest train journey. Here is my experience how I survived 83hours train journey that too SOLO. 

While some of the initial thoughts that come to mind when you think about trains would be conveyance, crowd, the constant chugging and rocking, and whether or not you’ll get a seat (especially if you’re travelling in Mumbai locals), long journey trains hold so much more than just destinations on a connected track.

The quintessential sips of chai in the white little IRCTC cups, the calls of a hundred varied vendors in the train and stations, the co-passengers with such interesting background stories - each taking their own personal journey on one common track and the ever-changing landscape out of your window – are some of the many dear memories we travel with, along with our luggage on a long distance train journey.

But how long is truly long?

Here’s presenting an account of India’s longest train journey – bothin terms of distance and time. Something that tested my patience and most definitely challenged my mind. Something - probably the first time ever, to be covered on vlog (in three parts, that too!).

Say hello to Indian Railways train #15906, the Vivek Express . Contrary to common conception that the longest distance would be from North-South, say Kashmir to Kanyakumari, the top 2 longest routes in India actually connect North East to South.

The second one is a Superfast from Silchar (Assam) to Thiruvananthapuram (Tamil Nadu), covering 3,931 km in about 76.5hrs. Himsagar Express, connecting Katra (J&K) to Kanyakumari falls on number 3, covering a distance of 3,797 km in around 73 hrs.

This brings us to the longest route on the Indian Railways , with 4,273 km in about 83 odd hours on the Vivek Express – Dibrugarh (Assam) to Kanyakumari. Announced in the Railway Budget of 2011-12 by then Railway Minister Mamata Banerjee, four pairs of Express Trains under the Vivek Express series were started as commemoration to the 150th birth anniversary of Swami Vivekanand.

While holding the prestigious record for the longest running train in the Indian Subcontinent, it is also the 6th longest in the world.

And as exciting, adventurous and literally rocking as it sounds – it isn’t nearly as easy. I’d like to add a disclaimer to people who would want to take this journey – please do not make this your first.

If you aren’t well-versed with long train journeys in India, this is definitely not recommended. Take a trip on a few trains before boarding the Vivek Express, and make sure your immunity isn’t too weak.

Now let’s begin with the good things – and mind you, they can well compensate. I started off from Platform 2 at Dibrugarh – the originating station, at 23:45hrs. Since the express only operates on Saturdays from here, my journey would come to a destination on Wednesday, about 09:50hrs.

I’ll be honest, I may have traveled in many ways to many places, but this one, long shot in a train for 83hrs straight, made me nervous. You realize many things that actually affect you during a train journey such as this, but more on it later.

My seat was in Second AC. This train has Third AC, Sleeper and unreserved coaches along with a Pantry Car, carrying a total of over 1500 passengers at an operating speed of 50 km/h.

With 56 halts across eight distinct states in the country, it’s a vision looking at the transcending landscape outside and the subtle cultural variations around. While most of the passengers get down before the last stop, my objective was completing it to the T, for the entire experience.

Back to the journey, after New Tinsukia came Hojai on Day 2, Sunday- the top growing district in Assam, with a staggering literacy rate of 91%. The station had quite a posh, airport look to it, with 3 wide platforms.

Then we passed major stations like Jagi Road, Guwahati, an amazingly lush green stretch to Golpara, over the wide Brahmaputra on the Naranarayan Setu to New Bongaigaon, Alipurduar Junction to New Jalpaiguri – 1042 km later!

I had bread omelette for breakfast from the pantry and veg thaali for lunch and dinner both –sans Chapati.

This was the point when I noticed food might be slightly difficult to manage, since there was a scarcity of Chapati (I got none the entire day) and very limited options for vegetarians on the North East Frontier.

I do eat egg, so it was still manageable, but my advice to you would be to stock up on fruits, stay hydrated with a lot of water and liquids, and get plenty of sleep.

It seems like there isn’t much to travelling in trains – but the journey eventually takes a toll on you. Especially when it’s so long.

The next day we reached Durgapur, 1500 km down the line – entering West Bengal. We then crossed Asansol Junction, Adra, Bankura (where I almost missed the train on getting down for breakfast), Midnapore and Hijli, chugging into the next state – Odisha.

Baleshwar, Cuttack and Bhubaneshwar – the twin cities of Odisha (the Rasagulla originated here along with Chhena Gaja and more, the traditional, special sweets of Odisha), Khurda Road and Palasa were the stations later in the day, completing a distance of about 2332 km by 22:30hrs.

By this time, I had started having my meals fresh from the stations. Masala Dosa and cold coffee from Bankura, Puri sabzi (finally something close to chapatis, from Hijli) and egg curry with rice (from Khurda Road) were my major meals for the day.

This is the moment the exhaustion kicks in, with all the constant motion, the stiffness, the food and often not very clean washrooms. Three days without a bath can start to feel really bad.

And if you aren’t accustomed to it, you could suffer from infections, motion sickness, digestion issues and more.

The fourth day we were in Andhra Pradesh, crossing through some of Kerala and entering Tamil Nadu. On reaching Vijayawada, food options became easier. The landscape outside gradually changed from lush green rice fields, hills and wide rivers to coconut groves and seascapes.

We reached Coimbatore – the Manchester of South India around 22:30hrs. I couldn’t wait for the journey to end now, my patience was wearing off, and though I mostly slept well, I felt almost nauseous and exhausted. Fortunately, my destination was much closer now.

The final day of the longest train journey arrived and I was at Trivandrum Central. Most of the passengers got down here. By the time I finally reached Kanyakumari, I had pointers to keep in mind while on a journey like this. One was paying good attention to what you ate. Always eat light.

Take a meal every 2hrs, but reduce the quantity. Smaller, frequent meals help you stay energetic throughout the day and reduce bloating and other digestion issues. Two, stay hydrated. Three, get good rest and sleep.

The train for me often acts like a cradle, rocking me to better slumber. Four – try and get a seat in the AC compartment.

It gets even more difficult travelling via Sleeper or General, and trust me, I salute those who do. So even though this was a journey confined to the coaches of the train sometimes opening to station platforms, I felt like I’d traveled most of the country already!

Of course, it was tiring, it tested my patience, it challenged me mentally and physically, but by the end of it, the sense of accomplishment and the many memories made on pebbled tracks, the many sunrises and sunsets witnessed on the window panes, the local specialties discovered and the overall experience only made me add to the 200 more reasons to travel!

If you are planning to travel on this train remember to prepare yourself mentally. For any other help pls do connect on Instagram or YouTube .

Happy Travelling !!!

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Longest Train Route in India

Longest train route in India is Vivek Express (also known as the Dibrugarh-Kanyakumari Vivek Express) both in terms of distance and time. This train route covers a distance of approximately 4,283 kilometres (2,660 miles) from Dibrugarh in Assam, located in the northeastern part of India, to Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu, situated in the southernmost part of the country. Indian Railways, one of the world’s largest railway networks covers a total distance of about 115,000 kilometres. It acts as an essential means of transportation for millions of passengers daily, providing a wide range of train routes that highlight the rich cultural and geographic variety of India.

Table of Content

What are the longest train Routes in India?

List of the top 10 longest train routes in india , longest train route in india in detail.

India boasts an extensive railway network, and among its longest train routes are the Vivek Express, which travels from Dibrugarh in Assam to Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu, covering a distance of approximately 4,286 kilometers. Another notable route is the Himsagar Express, connecting Jammu Tawi in Jammu and Kashmir to Kanyakumari, covering a distance of around 3,729 kilometers. The Guwahati Express links Mumbai’s Lokmanya Tilak Terminus to Guwahati in Assam, spanning about 2,768 kilometers. Navyug Express runs from Mangalore in Karnataka to Jammu Tawi, covering a distance of approximately 2,686 kilometers. These long-distance train journeys offer passengers the opportunity to experience diverse landscapes and cultural regions as they traverse the Indian subcontinent.

The top 10 longest trains in India are as follows:

63 hrs 15 mins 

Agartala–SMVT Bengaluru Humsafar Express

Agartala – Sir M. Visvesvaraya Terminal

64 hrs 15 mins

 Silchar–Coimbatore Superfast Express

Silchar -Coimbatore Main

55 hrs 13 mins

Avadh Assam Express

66 hrs 25 mins 

Shri Ganganagar-Tiruchirappalli Humsafar Express

Shri Ganganagar -Tiruchchirappalli

58 hrs 25 mins

The train routes traverse the entire nation, making it easier for both people and goods to travel across the subcontinent. Indian Railways is one of the largest and most extensive railway networks in the world, that consists of vast system of train routes that connect cities, towns, and remote areas across India. The longest train route of India are as follows:

1. Vivek Express (Dibrugarh to Kanyakumari)

  • Distance: 4,218.6 km
  • Time: 74 hours 35 minutes
  • Route: This train covers a vast distance, starting from Dibrugarh in Assam (located in the northeastern part of India) and ending at Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu (situated in the southernmost part of the country).

The train traverse through nine states of India including: Assam, Nagaland, West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu and covers a distance of 4189 kilometres. The train makes 57 stops along its journey. It is a superfast train operated by Northeast Frontier Railway. The train service was started in 19th November, 2011. Vivek Express (now Vivek Super Fast Express) operates through four pairs of Express Trains. Passengers on this train get to experience the transition from the lush greenery of Assam to the coastal beauty of Tamil Nadu.

2. Thiruvananthapuram–Silchar Aronai Superfast Express

  • Distance: 3,932 km
  • Time: 74 hours and 44 minutes
  • Route: This Superfast Express train operates between Thiruvananthapuram Central in Kerala, situated in the southern part of India, and Silchar in Assam, located in the northeastern region of the country.

The train traverse through eight states including: Assam, West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala. It is a superfast train operated by Northeast Frontier Railway. Initially, this train route ran from Thiruvananthapuram Central to Guwahati. However, on November 21, 2017, it was extended to Silchar, which made it the longest-running superfast train in India and one of the longest train services in the world. The Thiruvananthapuram–Silchar Aronai Superfast Express commenced its service on April 14, 1987.

3. Himsagar Express

  • Distance: 3787 km
  • Time: 72 hours
  • Route: The Himsagar Express runs from Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Katra in the northern state of Jammu and Kashmir to Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu, the southernmost point of the Indian subcontinent.

The train traverse through twelve states including: Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, and Goa. It is a express train operated by Southern Railways. The train makes 73 stops along its journey.The Himsagar Express is presently ranked as the 35th longest-running train service globally and is the third longest-running train within the Indian Railways network, both in terms of distance covered and travel time. It began its service on February 15, 1985.

4. Ten Jammu Express

  • Distance: 3642 km
  • Time: 71 hours and 20 min
  • Route: This train runs from Tirunelveli Junction in Tamil Nadu, located in the southern part of India, to Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Katra in Jammu and Kashmir, situated in the northern region.

The train crosses 13 Indian states and makes a total of 64 stops along its route. It is a express train operated by Southern Railways. At present, it ranks as the 40th longest-running train service globally and is the fourth longest train service within the Indian Railways network. It is a weekly train.

5. Ajmer–Rameswaram Humsafar Express

  • Distance: 3,544 km 
  • Time: 60.5 hours 
  • Route: T his train runs from Firozpur in Punjab( after the train extension from Ajmer to Firozpur)extension to fir, located in the northwestern part of India, to Rameswaram, a town in Tamil Nadu, situated in the southernmost part of the country.

As of October 2, 2023, this train route was extended to include Firozpur Cantonment, expanding its connectivity. Now the train is known as “ Firozpur – Rameswaram Humsafar Express”. It became the longest-running Humsafar category train, surpassing the SMVT Bangalore Agartala Humsafar Express, and it ranks as the 5th longest train service by Indian Railways. It is Humsafar express train operated by Northern Railyway. Firozpur – Rameswaram Humsafar Express was inaugurated on September 27, 2018.It travels through eight states including Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu. The train stops at 41 stations.

6. New Tinsukia–SMVT Bengaluru Weekly Express

  • Distance: 3,542 km
  • Time: 63 hrs 15 mins 
  • Route: This train runs from New Tinsukia in Assam in north east of India to Bengaluru in Karnataka located in southern part of India.

The train crosses 8 states including Assam, Nagaland, West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka. The train stops at 39 stops. It is superfast train and is operated by Northeast Frontier Railway. The train consists of AC 1st class, 2-tier, 3-tier and sleeper-class coaches. It is a weekly train which started its service on 4 January 2010. As of October 2023 it is the 6th longest train route in India.

7. Agartala–SMVT Bengaluru Humsafar Express

  • Distance: 3,529 km
  • Time: 64 hrs 15 mins
  • Route: This express train runs from Agartala, the capital of Tripura in the northeastern part of India, to SMVT Bengaluru Terminal, situated in Bengaluru, Karnataka, in the southern part of the country.

The train runs through 8 states including Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal, Bihar, Assam and Tripura. It is Humsafar express train that is operated by Northeast Frontier Railway. Currently it is the longest running Humsafar express and 7th longest train service of Indian Railways. The train runs 2 times a week and make stoppage at 30 stations.

8. Silchar–Coimbatore Superfast Express

  • Distance: 3,492.5 km
  • Time: 55 hrs 13 mins
  • Route: T his Superfast Express train operates from Silchar, a city in the northeastern state of Assam, to Coimbatore, a major city in Tamil Nadu, located in the southern part of India.

The train runs through seven states including Assam, West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. It is a weekly train which started it service on 30 January 1984. It is express train operated by Northeast Frontier Railway. Th train halts at 43 stations and is the 8 the longest train service of Indian Railways.

9. Avadh Assam Express

  • Distance: 3,118 km
  • Time: 66 hrs 25 mins
  • Route: The Avadh Assam Express runs from Dibrugarh a city in the northeastern state of Assam to Lalgarh Junction in Rajasthan located in North India.

The train crosses nine states including Assam, Nagaland, West Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Haryana, Punjab and Rajasthan. First service of the train started on 4 April 1986. It is a express train operated by Northeast Frontier Railway. The journey duration can vary, but it generally takes several days to complete due to the considerable distance it covers.It runs at daily basis an make 81 stops.

10. Shri Ganganagar-Tiruchirappalli Humsafar Express

  • Distance: 3,116 km
  • Time: 58 hrs 25 mins
  • Route: This Humsafar Express train runs from Shri Ganganagar in Rajasthan, located in the northwestern part of India, to Tiruchirappalli (Trichy) in Tamil Nadu, situated in the southern part of the country.

The train is Humsafar express type that is operated by North Western Railways. It started its first service on 27 February 2017. In the Humsafar express series it is the fourth train to be introduced. It is a weekly train train that halts at 35 stations.

Conclusion – Longest Train Route in India

India, known for its diverse culture, rich heritage, and stunning landscapes, boasts one of the most extensive and impressive railway networks in the world. Connecting the length and breadth of this subcontinent, Indian Railways operates a vast network of trains that span thousands of kilometers. From the scenic beauty of the tea gardens in Assam to the vibrant culture of Chennai, this journey is a testament to the nation’s diversity and unity. While the ride may be long, the memories and experiences gained along the way are invaluable.

FAQs on Longest Train Route in India

1. which is the longest train route in india.

The longest train route in India is traveled by the Vivek Express, running from Dibrugarh in Assam to Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu, covering a distance of approximately 4,286 kilometers.

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The Northeast Frontier Railway has decided to increase the frequency of India’s longest train 15906/15905 (Dibrugarh - Kanniyakumari - Dibrugarh) Vivek Express from existing bi-weekly to four days a week. Train No. 15906 (Dibrugarh - Kanniyakumari) Vivek Express which is now running o­n Saturday & Tuesday, will be run o­n every Saturday, Sunday, Tuesday and Thursday w.e.f. 7 th May, 2023. Similarly, train No. 15905 (Kanniyakumari - Dibrugarh) Vivek Express which is now running o­n Thursday & Sunday, will be run o­n every Wednesday, Thursday, Saturday and Monday w.e.f. 11 th May, 2023.

Train No. 15906 (Dibrugarh - Kanniyakumari) Vivek Express departs from Dibrugarh at 19:25 hours and reaches Kanniyakumari at 22:00 hours o­n fourth day of journey. In return direction, train no.15905 (Kanniyakumari - Dibrugarh) Vivek Express departs from Kanniyakumari at 17:20 hours and reaches Dibrugarh at 20:50 hours o­n fourth day of journey. The composition of this train is of 22 coaches, consisting of 01 AC Two Tier, 04 AC Three Tier, 11 Sleeper Class, 03 General Seating, 01 Pantry Car and 02 Power cum Luggage Rakes.

Dibrugarh – Kanniyakumari Vivek Express is the longest train of  Indian Railways which runs from  Dibrugarh  in India's North-eastern state  Assam  to  Kanniyakumari  in  Tamil Nadu  the southernmost state of  India . The train covers a distance of 4189 kilometres and traverses through nine states in  India . This train is currently the  longest train route in India  by both distance and time. The train has 59 halts across its route. The first service of Vivek Express was started in 19 th November, 2011. From the last 11 years the train is relentlessly serving the people. 

  Existing timings and stoppages of the train will remain unchanged. The details of stoppages and timings of this train are available at IRCTC website and through NTES.

longest travel time train in india

IMAGES

  1. Infographic: How India’s longest trains journeys compare with the world

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  2. Vivek Express, India's longest route train, covers 4,230 km in 83 hours

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COMMENTS

  1. Top 10 Longest Train Routes in India

    Here is a list of the 10 longest train journeys in India that can be accomplished in a single train. 1. Vivek Express - Dibrugarh to Kanyakumari. With a running time of 82 hours 45 minutes (3.5 ...

  2. The longest train journey in India

    On an 85-hour train ride of 57 stops, 21 carriages and three sunsets, photographer Ed Hanley discovered the true beauty of India. The Dibrugarh-Kanyakumari Vivek Express train number 15906 crosses ...

  3. Longest train services of Indian Railways

    Train name/no. Distance No. of stops Frequency Scheduled running time Ref 1 Dibrugarh: Kanniyakumari: 22503/22504 Dibrugarh-Kanyakumari Vivek Express: 4,154.1 km 58 4 times weekly 75 hrs 30 min (~3 days 3 hours 30 minutes) 2 Silchar: Thiruvananthapuram Central 1 12507/12508 Thiruvananthapuram-Silchar Aronai Superfast Express: 3,915.5 km 57 ...

  4. Runaway train in India travels more than 40 miles without driver

    A runaway freight train in northern India traveled nearly 45 miles without a driver on Sunday, reaching speeds of up to 46 miles per hour, before it was brought to a stop, according to railway ...

  5. Life Aboard the Longest Train Ride Through India

    The experience of time, however, hinges entirely upon our continuously evolving perceptions of speed. While rail travel may be slow by contemporary standards, when India's first train traversed ...

  6. Vivek Express

    Dibrugarh - Kanyakumari Vivek Express. This Biweekly Superfast train, numbered 22503/22504, is currently the longest train route in the Indian Subcontinent. It joins Dibrugarh in Assam, North-East India to Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu which is the southernmost tip of Indian mainland. It covers a total of 4160 km from Dibrugarh to Kanyakumari.

  7. Runaway train speeds 43 miles down tracks in India without a driver

    The country's worst train disaster, which killed more than 800 people in 1981, was when a passenger train derailed and tumbled into a river in the eastern state of Bihar during a cyclone.

  8. India's longest non-stop train route loses record

    For the first time, the 528km Rajdhani Express from Vadodara to Kota will pull into Ratlam station. Spanning a distance of 528km, the Vadodara to Kota route covered by the Thiruvananthapuram Rajdhani Express in six hours and 45 minutes is the longest non-stop train ride in India - until today.

  9. India: Runaway train 'travels 40 miles without a driver'

    India's worst rail accident was in 1981, when at least 800 people died after seven coaches of an overcrowded passenger train blew off the track and into a river during a cyclone near the Nepal border.

  10. Runaway Indian train travels 70km without driver

    Videos of the train zooming past railway stations went viral on social media. ... Officials told the Press Trust of India (PTI) news agency that the incident took place between 07:25 and 09:00 ...

  11. India's longest train route covers more than 4,000 km in 80 hours

    Also read: Indian Railways may reduce travel time on Delhi-Howrah rail route by 2.5 hours. The Vivek Express covers India's longest railway route, travelling 4273 kilometers over rails in 80 hours and 15 minutes with roughly 55 scheduled stops. ... Which when compared to India's longest train route still seems like quite a journey. To be exact ...

  12. Top 10 Longest Railway Routes of India: List of long journey trains you

    Spanning 4273 km on rail tracks, and a running time of 80 hours and 15 minutes and about 55 scheduled stops, the Vivek Express covers the longest train route in India. It joins Dibrugarh (DBRG) in Assam, North-East India to Kanyakumari (CAPE), Tamil Nadu which is the southernmost tip of mainland India.

  13. List of Longest Train Routes in India

    Here is a list of the top 10 longest train journeys in India. 1. Vivek Express. Vivek Express (Kanyakumari - Dibrugarh) Route : Kanyakumari - Dibrugarh. Distance : 4234 Kms. Hours : 79 Hrs. Run and managed by the Indian Railway, Vivek Express is a weekly train that runs between prominent destinations in our country.

  14. 5 Longest Rail Routes in India

    5 Longest Rail Routes in India. 1. Dibrugarh - Kanyakumari Vivek Express. Vivek Express, named after the name of Saint Swami Vivekananda, is the longest running train across India in terms of time and distance. 2. Himsagar Express. Second longest Indian train in terms of distance and time.

  15. 5 Longest Train Journeys In India

    This weekly train is currently the longest train route in the Indian Subcontinent. It covers a total distance of 4,286 kilometres with a running time of 80 hours and 15 minutes.

  16. Top 5 Longest Train Routes in India

    Interesting facts of Vivek Express: The Vivek Express train covers the longest train route in India. The Dibrugarh-Kanyakumari Vivek Express has 57 stops or stops all along the route. The Dibrugarh-Kanyakumari Vivek Express holds the current record as the train linking India's longest train line, as well as the highest train running time ...

  17. Longest Train Route in India List, Top-10 Longest Routes

    Route. Kanyakumari - Dibrugarh. Distance. 4234 Kms. Hours. 79 Hrs. The weekly Vivek Express train connects well-known cities in our nation and is operated and managed by the Indian Railway. The longest railway journey in India is said to be the one that runs between Kanyakumari and Dibrugarh.

  18. Top 10 Longest Train Routes In India To Explore

    3. Ten Jammu Express (Tirunelveli to Jammu) Ten Jammu Express also covers one of the longest routes of India Tirunelveli in Tamil Nadu to Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Katra temple in Jammu and Kashmir. It includes a total distance of around 3600 Km with a running time of around 71 hours.

  19. Top 10 Longest Train Routes in India

    Vivek Express. Image Source: This is the first train having the longest railways routes in India i.e. Dibrugarh to Kanyakumari Express. It operates every week. It covers around 4200 kms of distance in 80 hours with more than 50 stoppages. 2. Silchar Superfast Express.

  20. For the love of trains: longest train journey routes in India

    But on November 21, 2017, the train route was expanded, which then became Thiruvananthapuram - Silchar Superfast Express and also, the longest-running super-fast train. The train covers a ...

  21. I traveled in Vivek Express

    Something - probably the first time ever, to be covered on vlog (in three parts, that too!). Say hello to Indian Railways train #15906, the Vivek Express. Contrary to common conception that the longest distance would be from North-South, say Kashmir to Kanyakumari, the top 2 longest routes in India actually connect North East to South.

  22. The Longest Train Route in India: Explore the Journey

    All Aboard the Longest Running Train in India. This iconic train has еtchеd itsеlf into India's railway history annals with a rich and storiеd past. This special train sеriеs, known as Vivеk Exprеss, was introduced back in November 2011 to honour Swami Vivеkananda's 150th birth annivеrsary, which was sеt to happen in 2013.

  23. Longest Train Route in India : List of Longest Train Routes

    The train makes 73 stops along its journey.The Himsagar Express is presently ranked as the 35th longest-running train service globally and is the third longest-running train within the Indian Railways network, both in terms of distance covered and travel time.

  24. Longest Train in India

    Longest Train in India - Dibrugarh-Kanyakumari Vivek Express . The Dibrugarh - Kanyakumari Vivek Express is the longest train route in India, operating between Dibrugarh, the easternmost major city in Assam to Kanyakumari, the southernmost tip of the Indian subcontinent located in Tamil Nadu. At a distance of 4,218.6 km, it is recognized as the longest running train not just in India but ...

  25. TOP 10 LONGEST Train Routes in INDIA

    A 3D representation of Top 10 longest train routes in India. Only important halts are shown in the video.This list of longest train services of Indian Railwa...

  26. Exploring the world's longest train journeys and the most epic routes

    From The Heritage of India and The Indian Splendour to The Indian Panorama and Treasures of India, these journeys span six to seven days, showcasing India's rich cultural tapestry. While The Heritage of India ranks as one of the longest train journeys in the world at 2,771 km, the others cover distances ranging from 860 km to 2,724 km.

  27. Top 20 Longest Train Routes in India

    1. Vivek Express - Weekly. 15905/15906. 4,286. Dibrugarh (Assam) Kanyakumari (Tamil Nadu) Vivek Express is the longest train route in India, covering a distance of over 4,000 km, and offering ...

  28. Welcome to North East Frontier Railway / Indian Railways Portal

    The train covers a distance of 4189 kilometres and traverses through nine states in India. This train is currently the longest train route in India by both distance and time. The train has 59 halts across its route. The first service of Vivek Express was started in 19 th November, 2011. From the last 11 years the train is relentlessly serving ...